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  • 1
    ISSN: 0942-0940
    Keywords: Cervical spondylosis ; cervical disc ; Cloward procedure ; anterior fusion ; late myelography
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary During a 13 year period, 286 patients with cervical disc herniation and/or spondylotic spurs, were subjected to anterior decompression and vertebral interbody fusion with autologous bone. Twenty patients were re-admitted in the late postoperative period due to recurrent radicular symptoms and/or signs of myelopathy. In these patients myelography was performed again. In 14 patients spinal cord compression and/or nerve root involvement at a new level was visualized. At the operated level, however, the myelograms demonstrated a smooth anterior wall in the spinal canal. The series confirms the safety, effectiveness and reliability of the Cloward procedure in achieving long term spinal cord and nerve root decompression, and a solid vertebral interbody fusion.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0942-0940
    Keywords: Transcranial Doppler sonography ; SPECT ; carotid artery dissection
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary In two young patients with traumatic internal carotid artery dissection, early transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) primarily indicated the lesion. A subsequent carotid angiogram confirmed the diagnosis. The course of the disease was followed by daily TCD recordings and repeated SPECT measurements. Beside CT and angiography, TCD and SPECT are helpful guidelines for different therapeutic approaches aiming to reduce cerebral ischaemia and infarction.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0942-0940
    Keywords: Aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage ; surgery ; SPECT ; cognitive outcome
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Fifteen patients with a good neurological outcome after aneurysmal SAH and surgery were collected prospectively. Six months after surgery neurological examination and a SPECT study for evaluation of the three dimensional CBF distribution as well as an extensive neuropsychological test were performed. In all patients with pathological SPECT findings the location of the reduced regional CBF correlated with the location of the ruptured aneurysm and/or side of surgical approach. The volume of the brain tissue with reduced rCBF showed a great variety, from 9–112 cm3 (mean: 33 cm3). Similarly, the maximum flow reduction in the affected areas also varied considerably from 17–95% (mean: 39%). In general, the neuropsychological functioning of the patients post SAH was favourable. Seven individuals had a presumably normal neuropsychological appearance with respect to estimates of premorbid levels of functioning. Another four patients were slightly impaired and the remaining four were moderately affected. Only in five cases did the location of SPECT pathology and the site of neuropsychological impairment appear to coincide, whereas this was not the case in the remaining 10 patients. In general, the extent of SPECT pathology did not differ in the three neuropsychological outcome groups (normal, slight and moderate disability).
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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