Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
An experimental study has been carried out to investigate the effects of spinning conditions on the shape of fibers spun through noncircular spinnerette holes, namely, rectangular holes, trilobal holes, and round holes with lugs. For the study, bench-scale apparatuses of wet spinning and melt spinning were used which had been constructed in connection with an earlier study by Han. In the wet-spinning experiment, the spin dope used was an aqueous solution of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) consisting of approximately 10% polymer and 40% sodium thiocyanate (NaSCN), and the spin dope was spun into aqueous solutions of NaSCN. In the melt-spinning experiment, polystyrene was used. The variables investigated were: size and shape of the spinnerette hole, coagulating bath concentration, throughput rate, and jet stretch. It has been found in wet spinning that, for a given shape of spinnerette hole, the fiber shape is most strongly affected by jet stretch and relatively little by the bath concentration and throughput rate. Also determined in the wet-spinning experiment was the maximum jet stretch at which thread breakage occurs. It has been found that the maximum jet stretch decreases as bath concentration is increased.
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