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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Sugar beet ; Nematode resistance ; Yeast artificial chromosomes (YACs) ; Contig analysis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Two diploid (2n=18) sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) lines which carry monogenic traits for nematode (Heterodera schachtii Schm.) resistance located on translocations from the wild beet species Beta procumbens were investigated. Short interspersed repetitive DNA elements exclusively hybridizing with wild beet DNA were found to be dispersed around the translocations. The banding pattern as revealed by genomic Southern hybridization was highly conserved among translocation lines of different origins indicating that the translocations are not affected by recombination events with sugar beet chromosomes. Physical mapping revealed that the entire translocation is represented by a single Sal I fragment 300 kb in size. A representative YAC (yeast artifical chromosome) library consisting of approximately 13,000 recombinant clones (2.2 genome equivalents) with insert sizes ranging between 50 and 450 kb and an average of 130kb has been constructed from the resistant line A906001. Three recombinant YACs were isolated from this library using the wild beet-specific repetitive elements as probes for screening. Colinearity between YAC inserts and donor DNA was confirmed by DNA fingerprinting utilizing these repetitive probes. The YACs were arranged into two contigs with a total size of 215 kb; these represent a minimum of 72% of the translocation.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Sugar beet ; B. procumbens ; Nematode resistance ; Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis ; DNA probes
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary We have begun to apply techniques for the preparation and anaylsis of large DNA segments from sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) addition lines carrying a mitotically stable chromosome fragment from B. procumbens that confers monogenic resistance to the nematode Heterodera schachtii, with a view towards isolating the resistance gene. DNA probes specific for this chromosome fragment were selected, and various methods for cloning genome-specific fragments, including probes from megabase DNA separated in pulsed-field slab gels, are compared. Probes that display high homology to B. procumbens have been used for hybridization of a representative genomic library and for initial step in mapping the chromosome fragment via pulsed-field gel electrophoresis after restriction with infrequently cutting enzymes. Our data indicate that DNA molecules from the entire chomosome fragment can be separated from protoplast DNA lysates.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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