Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary In order to develop new markers of individual susceptibility to various human carcinogens, we studied some parameters of formation and metabolism of carcinogens, as well as DNA adducts formation and DNA repair in animals and humans. Following an i.p. administration of benzo(a)pyrene (BP) to the rats, levels of urinary excretion of BP-7,8-diol correlated with tumour latency. A high correlation was found between excretion of this metabolite and BP-DNA adducts level in the liver. Healthy smokers excreted higher quantities of BP-7,8-diol, than smoking lung cancer patients, thus confirming the suggestion on existence of cancer-prone phenotype. N-nitroso compounds formed most efficiently in stomach juice of children with superficial gastritis who therefore could be at high risk of stomach cancer. N-ethyl-N′-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine induced stomach cancer earlier in monkeys with a low level of DNA repair enzyme, O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT) in gastric mucosa. Overall, these markers can be helpful in predicting individual susceptibility to carcinogens.
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