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  • GUIDED BIOPSY  (3)
  • TIME  (3)
  • IMPACT  (2)
Keywords
  • 1
    Keywords: CANCER ; tumor ; MODEL ; THERAPY ; DIAGNOSIS ; MRI ; magnetic resonance imaging ; PERFORMANCE ; EXPERIENCE ; prostate cancer ; FUSION ; BIOPSY ; GUIDANCE ; three-dimensional imaging ; GUIDED BIOPSY ; MAPPING BIOPSY ; TRUS
    Abstract: Background. A key challenge for prostate cancer (PC) therapy is to exactly diagnose tumor lesions. In this context we describe a new stereotactic prostate biopsy system, which integrates pre-interventional MRI with peri-interventional ultrasound for targeted perineal prostate biopsies. Furthermore, the novel system allows exact documentation of biopsies in three dimensions. Patients and methods. Stereotactic biopsy was performed in 50 consecutive men with suspicion of PC [median age 67 years (42-77), mean PSA 8.9 +/- 6.8 ng/ml, and mean prostate volume 51 +/- 23.7 ml]. Twenty-five of these patients (50%) had already had a negative transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsy. All men underwent multiparametric, contrast-enhanced 3T MRI without endorectal coil. Suspicious lesions were marked before the obtained data were transferred to a novel stereotactic biopsy system. Using a custom-made biplane TRUS probe mounted on a stepper, 3-D ultrasound data were generated and fused with the MRI. As a result, suspicious MRI lesions were superimposed onto the TRUS data. Next, 3-D biopsy planning was performed including systematic biopsies from the peripheral zone of the prostate. According to local standards patients were treated with perioperative quinolone antibiotics and applied a rectal enema the evening before the procedure. Perineal biopsies were taken under live US imaging, and the location of each biopsy was documented in an individual 3-D model. Feasibility, safety, target registration error, and cancer detection were evaluated. Results. The median number of biopsies taken per patient was 24 (12-36). In 27 men of the initial cohort of 50 consecutive patients presented here, biopsy samples showed PC (54%). In patients undergoing their first biopsy, cancerous lesions were diagnosed in 13 of 19 patients (68%). The result was positive in 36% of men undergoing a re-biopsy without previous cancer diagnosis (9/25). A positive correlation between MRI findings and histopathology was found in 72%. In MRI lesions marked as highly suspicious, the tumor detection rate was 100% (13/13). Looking at single cores from highly suspicious lesions, 40 of 75 (53%) biopsies were positive. The target registration error of the first 1,159 biopsy cores was 1.7 mm. Regarding adverse effects, one patient experienced urinary retention and one patient a perineal hematoma. Urinary tract infections did not occur. Conclusion. Perineal stereotactic prostate biopsies guided by the combination of MRI and ultrasound allow effective examination of suspicious MRI lesions. Each biopsy core taken is documented accurately for its location in 3-D enabling MRI validation and tailored treatment planning. The morbidity of the procedure was minimal
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 21935634
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  • 2
    Keywords: CANCER ; TIME ; MRI ; EXPERIENCE ; ultrasound ; GUIDANCE ; GUIDED BIOPSY
    Abstract: Abstract Purpose: To determine the targeting error of a novel stereotactic prostate biopsy system that integrates preinterventional MRI with peri-interventional ultrasonography (US) for perineal navigated prostate biopsies. Materials and Methods: We performed stereotactic biopsies on five prostate phantoms (one CIRS 053-MM and four CIRS 066). Phantom 053-MM incorporates three MRI- and transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS)-visible lesions, while lesions within phantom 066 are only detectable on MRI. In both phantoms, the 0.5 cc volume lesions are placed randomly. The phantoms were examined by 3T-MRI preinterventionally. Then three stereotactic biopsies from one lesion in phantom 053-MM and from all US-invisible lesions in the 066 phantoms were taken under live-fusion imaging guidance. During intervention, a mix of blue ink and gadobutrol was injected into each biopsy channel. Afterward, another 3T-MRI was obtained. These MRI images were then fused again with the intraoperative TRUS data. Thus, the targeting error (TE) between the planned and performed biopsy cores could be measured. In addition, the procedural targeting error (PTE) between the virtually planned biopsy trajectory and the manually registered three-dimensional needle position of every single biopsy core taken was calculated. Results: The overall TE of the 39 biopsy cores taken was 0.83 mm (standard deviation [SD]: 0.48 mm) with the highest TE in the sagittal plane (1.09+/-0.54 mm), followed by the coronal (0.72+/-0.43 mm) and axial (0.69+/-0.34 mm) planes. The procedural TE, which is provided intraoperatively, was 0.26 mm on average (SD: 0.46 mm). Comparing PTE and TE, there was no statistically significant difference (P=0.39). Conclusion: The TE of stereotactic biopsies using our novel perineal prostate biopsy system is below 1 mm and can be estimated in vivo by the automatically calculated procedural TE. Thus, stereotactic prostate biopsies guided by the combination of MRI and US allow effective and precise examination of MRI lesions.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 22283184
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  • 3
    Keywords: DIAGNOSIS ; IMPACT ; STANDARD ; CANCER-DETECTION RATE ; ELASTOGRAPHY
    Abstract: Objective: To directly compare the diagnostic performance of targeted MRI-guided biopsy (MR-GB) and systematic transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy (TRUS-GB). Methods: Thirty-five patients with at least one negative TRUS-GB, persistently elevated or rising prostate-specific antigen and a lesion suspicious for prostate cancer (PC) on multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) scored by using the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) were included. A median of three targeted biopsies per lesion were obtained and systematic TRUS-GB was performed subsequently by an independent urologist without knowledge of the MRI findings. Definite pathology reports were analyzed for anatomical location and criteria of clinical significance. Results: The tumor detection rate was significantly higher with MR-GB compared with TRUS-GB (16/35, 46% and 8/35, 23%, respectively, p 〈 0.05). MR-GB detected PC in all patients with positive TRUS-GB. All tumors detected by MR-GB exhibited at least one criterion of clinical significance. PC lesions showed a significantly higher PI-RADS sum score compared with benign lesions. Conclusions: MR-GB is more effective compared with TRUS-GB in detecting clinically significant PC in men after previous negative TRUS-GB. PI-RADS scores give additional information and could be part of the decision-making process when considering retrial biopsy. Additional systematic biopsy can be omitted in patients undergoing targeted MR-GB.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 25227711
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  • 4
    Keywords: CANCER ; RISK ; TIME ; ANTIGEN ; SPECTROSCOPY ; MEN ; prostate cancer ; FEASIBILITY ; ultrasound ; COIL ; detection rate ; 1.5 T ; ROUTINE ; PSA ; TRUS ; MRI-guided biopsy ; Significant carcinoma
    Abstract: PURPOSE: To investigate the positive biopsy rate of MRI-guided biopsy (MR-GB) in a routine clinical setting, identify factors predictive for positive biopsy findings and to report about the clinical significance of the diagnosed tumors. METHODS: Patients with at least one negative trans-rectal-ultrasound-guided biopsy (TRUS-GB), persistently elevated or rising serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) and at least one lesion suspicious for PCa on diagnostic 1.5 Tesla endorectal coil MRI (eMR) were included. Biopsies were carried out using a 1.5 Tesla MRI and an 18 G biopsy gun. Clinical information and biopsy results were collected; logistic regression analysis was carried out. Definite pathology reports of patients with diagnosis of PCa and subsequent radical prostatectomy (RP) were analyzed for criteria of clinical significance. RESULTS: One hundred patients were included, mean number of previous biopsies was 2 (range 1-9), mean PSA at time of biopsy was 11.7 ng/ml (1.0-65.0), and mean prostate volume was 46.7 ccm (range 13-183). In 52/100 (52.0%) patients, PCa was detected. Out of 52 patients, 27 patients with a positive biopsy underwent RP, 20 patients radiation therapy, and 5 patients active surveillance. In total, 80.8% of the patients revealed a clinically significant PCa. In univariate regression analysis, only serum PSA levels were predictive for a positive biopsy result. Number of preceding negative biopsies was not associated with the likelihood of a positive biopsy result. CONCLUSIONS: MR-GB shows a high detection rate of clinically significant PCa in patients with previous negative TRUS-GB and persisting suspicion for PCa.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 21512807
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  • 5
    Keywords: CANCER ; THERAPY ; TIME ; MRI ; PERFORMANCE ; EXPERIENCE ; GUIDANCE ; GUIDED BIOPSY ; PATIENT SELECTION ; MAPPING BIOPSY
    Abstract: PURPOSE: We developed an effective way to precisely diagnose prostate cancer using a novel prostate biopsy system that integrates pre-interventional magnetic resonance imaging with peri-interventional ultrasound for perineal navigated prostate biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 106 men with findings suspicious for prostate cancer (median age 66 years, prostate specific antigen 8.0 ng/ml and prostate volume 47 ml) underwent multiparametric 3 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging. Suspicious lesions were marked and data were transferred to the novel biopsy system. Using a custom-made biplane transrectal ultrasound probe mounted on a stepper we gathered 3-dimensional ultrasound data and fused them with magnetic resonance imaging data. As a result, suspicious magnetic resonance imaging lesions were superimposed over the transrectal ultrasound data. Three-dimensional biopsy planning was done, including systematic biopsies. Perineal biopsies were taken under live ultrasound guidance and the precise site of each biopsy was documented in 3 dimensions. We evaluated feasibility, safety and cancer detection. RESULTS: Prostate cancer was detected in 63 of 106 patients (59.4%). Magnetic resonance imaging findings correlated positively with histopathology in 71 of 103 patients (68.9%). In magnetic resonance imaging lesions marked as highly suspicious, the detection rate was 95.8% (23 of 24 cases). Lesion targeted cores had a significantly higher positivity rate than nontargeted cores. The procedural targeting error of the first 2,461 biopsy cores was 1.7 mm. Regarding adverse effects, 2 patients experienced urinary retention and 1 had a perineal hematoma. Urinary tract infections did not develop. CONCLUSIONS: Perineal stereotactic prostate biopsies guided by the combination of magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound enable effective examination of suspicious magnetic resonance imaging lesions. Each biopsy core taken is documented accurately for its location in 3 dimensions, enabling magnetic resonance imaging validation and tailored treatment planning. The morbidity of the procedure was minimal.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 22014798
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  • 6
    Keywords: MODEL ; SYSTEM ; IMPACT ; MRI ; MEN ; FUSION ; ultrasound ; GUIDANCE ; ACTIVE SURVEILLANCE ; CANCER DETECTION
    Abstract: Objective: To optimize image-guided prostate biopsy by minimizing the target error with trocar-sharpened needle tips instead of beveled needles, which constantly deviate away from the bevel. Materials and Methods:We performed stereotactic biopsies on two prostate phantoms, which incorporate three randomly placed TRUS-visible lesions. Four stereotactic biopsies per lesion were taken under live-ultrasound guidance through a template: two biopsies with conventional beveled needles and two biopsies with novel trocar-sharpened needles. The procedural targeting error (PTE) between the virtually planned biopsy trajectory and the manually registered 3D needle position of every single biopsy core taken was calculated. Results: The absolute overall targeting error using the novel needle-tip design was 0.13 mm (SD: +/- 0.15 mm) with the highest PTE in the sagittal plane (0.18 +/- 0.16 mm), followed by the coronal (0.13 +/- 0.17 mm) and axial (0.09 +/- 0.05 mm) planes. Comparing the PTE of the novel trocar-shaped needles with conventional beveled needles, there was a statistically significant difference in the axial plane [p (overall) = 0.47, p(axial) = 0.03]. Conclusion: The targeting error of stereotactic biopsies using trocar-sharpened needles is significantly lower than the targeting error of classical beveled needles. Thus, trocar-tip configurations improve the accuracy of computer-assisted biopsies and allow precise assessment of suspicious lesions in the prostate and in other organs accessible to image-guided biopsy.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 23838372
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