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  • 3H  (1)
  • AC-ECD  (1)
  • Tracheopathia osteochondroplastica  (1)
  • 6-Dichloro-2-acetamidophenyl acetate; 5
  • Springer  (3)
  • Munksgaard International Publishers
  • 1985-1989  (3)
Collection
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  • Springer  (3)
  • Munksgaard International Publishers
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Year
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1238
    Keywords: Tracheopathia osteochondroplastica ; Tracheal stenosis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Tracheopathia osteochondroplastica (TPO) is a rare, but increasingly recognised condition in which there is accumulation of calcium phosphate with benign submucous proliferation of cartilage and bone beneath the tracheal mucosa, often with squamous metaplasia of the mucosal columnar epithelium. This condition is usually asymptomatic, but may be slowly progressive, causing haemoptysis, dry cough and dyspnoea. We report a case of TPO in which there was rapid progression of tracheal stenosis such that the size of endotracheal tube that the upper airway would accept changed from 8.00 mm to 3.0 mm during a six-week period. This extreme reduction in airway calibre had not been detected on spirometry nine days prior to his final admission. This is the first report of such rapid progression of tracheal stenosis associated with TPO.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1436-5073
    Keywords: ionization topography ; 3H ; 63Ni ; electron capture detector
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract The ion-pair generation rate (ionization topography) in plasmas from63Ni and particularly Ti3H4 foils, as used in electron capture detectors, was measured at room temperature using large, parallel plates of low backscattering ability in nitrogen gas of varying density. For one atmosphere pressure, the fall-off of ion pair formation as calculated from the exponential region equalsN 0·e −0.19d for63Ni andN 0·e −1.4d for3H (whereN 0 is the initial ionization rate immediately adjacent to the foil andd is the distance from the foil in mm). The experimentally measured half ranges (distances from the foil within which 50% of all possible ion pairs are created) are 2.7 mm for63Ni and 0.27 mm for3H. The half ranges calculated from the exponential region where there is less interference from electron backscattering, are 3.7 and 0.5 mm, respectively. The latter values are considered closer to the “true”, unimpeded ionization topography near planar63Ni and3H foils.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Microchimica acta 96 (1988), S. 11-26 
    ISSN: 1436-5073
    Keywords: electron capture detector (ECD) ; electron oscillation ; AC-ECD ; argon-methane ; non-homogeneous ECD kinetics
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract The oscillation of electrons—as driven by AC polarization—can be used to extract a high-sensitivity signal from a conventional electron capture detector. For example, hexachloroethane was detected at a hypercoulometric ratio of 2.0 F/mol, down to ca. 60 fg/s (S/N=3) and with a linear range in excess of two orders of magnitude. The change in carrier gas from nitrogen to argon-methane produced the expected order-of-magnitude increase in optimum oscillation frequency. Anab initio simulation of potentials and ion populations in a heterogeneous electron capture system under a high-frequency AC regime provided further insight into the detector's mechanism: Hypercoulometric response is mainly caused by increased cation-electron recombination in the plasma region, owing to a decreased field gradient and an increased cation concentration.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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