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  • CD40L  (2)
  • Transitional cell carcinoma  (2)
  • Springer  (4)
  • International Union of Crystallography (IUCr)
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  • Springer  (4)
  • International Union of Crystallography (IUCr)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1569-8041
    Keywords: CD30L ; CD40L ; FasL ; Hodgkin's disease
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Background: Reed–Sternberg cells of Hodgkin's disease express CD30and CD40 receptors. The ligands for these receptors have been reported to have pleiotropic biologic activities in vitro, including induction of cell death. Expression of the ligands for these receptors in lymph nodes involved with Hodgkin's disease is not known. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine CD30 ligand (L) andCD40L expression in lymph nodes of patients with Hodgkin's disease, and to study CD30L expression on nodal lymphocyte subsets. Materials and methods: CD30L expression on subsets of lymphocytes of five lymph nodes involved with Hodgkin's disease was determined by two-color FACScan. Messenger RNA expression of CD30L and CD40L was determined by there verse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method performed on seven specimens involved with Hodgkin's disease (five lymph nodes and two spleens). Results: Four of seven specimens (57%) contained cells that expressed CD30L mRNA and three specimens (43%) containedCD40L-expressing cells. The mean percentage of nodal lymphocytes expressingCD30L surface protein was ≤20%. Conclusion: Hodgkin's disease lymph nodes and spleens frequently lackCD30L- and CD40L-expressing cells, and when CD30L is expressed, it is usually detected on few numbers of lymphocytes. The differences in the level of expression of these ligands in Hodgkin's disease lymph nodes may be related to the disease's clinical behavior.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1569-8041
    Keywords: CD30L ; CD40L ; FasL ; Hodgkin's disease
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Background: Reed–Sternberg cells of Hodgkin's disease express CD30and CD40 receptors. The ligands for these receptors have been reported tohave pleiotropic biologic activities in vitro, including induction of celldeath. Expression of the ligands for these receptors in lymph nodes involvedwith Hodgkin's disease is not known. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine CD30 ligand (L) andCD40L expression in lymph nodes of patients with Hodgkin's disease, and tostudy CD30L expression on nodal lymphocyte subsets. Materials and methods: CD30L expression on subsets of lymphocytes of fivelymph nodes involved with Hodgkin's disease was determined by two-colorFACScan. Messenger RNA expression of CD30L and CD40L was determined by thereverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method performed onseven specimens involved with Hodgkin's disease (five lymph nodes and twospleens). Results: Four of seven specimens (57%) contained cells thatexpressed CD30L mRNA and three specimens (43%) containedCD40L-expressing cells. The mean percentage of nodal lymphocytes expressingCD30L surface protein was ≤20%. Conclusion: Hodgkin's disease lymph nodes and spleens frequently lackCD30L- and CD40L-expressing cells, and when CD30L is expressed, it is usuallydetected on few numbers of lymphocytes. The differences in the level ofexpression of these ligands in Hodgkin's disease lymph nodes may be relatedto the disease's clinical behavior.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1434-0879
    Keywords: Zinc ; Metallothionein ; Carcinogenesis ; Rat bladder ; Transitional cell carcinoma
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract This study investigated the presence of zinc and expression of metallothionein (MT) in different pathological changes of the rat bladder induced by administration of N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl) nitrosamine (BBN). Using the Timm staining method, the presence of zinc was observed in normal and benign hyperplastic epithelial cells of the rat bladder, particularly in the malignant bladder tumor, induced by the administration of BBN. Immunohistochemically, MT expression was detected only in noninvasive (30%) and invasive transitional cell carcinoma (80%) of the rat bladder where the tumor cells were rich in zinc. Our data suggest that: (1) growth and development of the rat bladder tumor, expecially malignant tumors, may have a high requirement for zinc and (2) MT synthesis may be induced by a high zinc concentration in rat bladder tumor cells.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1434-0879
    Keywords: Basement membrane ; Tumor invasion ; Transitional cell carcinoma ; Degradation ; Neosynthesis ; Hemidesmosome
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract This study describes ultrastructural alterations in the basement membrane (BM) of rat bladder with invasive transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) induced by N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl)nitrosamine. Various alterations including thickening, degradation and neosynthesis were found in the bladder BM of one rat with invasive TCC. Focal destruction of both the BM lamina zones was found in addition to partially degraded BMs showing focal degradation and loss of only the BM lamina rara. Neosynthesis of complete BM including the lamina rara and lamina censa was observed surrounding the nests of carcinoma cells deep in the stroma, while neosynthesis of incomplete BM including only a lamina densa-like structure was also found around carcinoma cells which had just crossed the BM into the adjacent stroma from the original tumor masses. There was an increased hemidesmosomal frequency in some areas of thickened BM, and focal loss of hemidesmosome in the areas of degraded BM. It is suggested that BM degradation may take place in two steps, and that BM neosynthesis may also be a two-step process in invasive TCC of rat bladder.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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