Two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
In a previous report, proteins from Brucella melitensis were characterized by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-D PAGE) and N-terminal microsequencing. In the present report, we have extended this study to the second etiologic agent in ovine brucellosis, B. ovis, responsible for ram epididymitis and infertility. The combination of 2-D gel electrophoresis and protein microsequencing facilitated the location and identification of the major proteins of B. ovis on the 2-D pattern. These proteins comprised cytoplasmic, periplasmic and some membrane proteins except the major outer membrane proteins. By comparing 2-D gel profiles of B. ovis with that of B. melitensis described previously, a few proteins with different expression levels were readily identified. Serum from a ram naturally infected with B. ovis was used in immunoblotting studies to identify immunogenic proteins recognized during the course of infection. This serum showed antibody reactivity against approximately 82 protein spots. Twenty-one of these proteins were identified either by use of monoclonal antibodies or by N-terminal microsequencing. Several proteins previously described in earlier Brucella works were identified: the 89 kDa outer membrane protein, DnaK, GroEL, BP26, and Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase. Eight proteins had amino acid sequences homologous to those of various proteins from other bacteria found in protein databases: NikA, dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase, a hypothetical 31 kDa protein, malate dehydrogenase, succinyl-CoA synthetase alpha subunit, an amino acid ABC type transporter, Leu/ Ile/ Val-binding protein precursor, and ClpP. The remaining eight proteins had N-terminal sequences lacking similarity to existing database entries. Thus, the 2-D PAGE analysis provided a convenient first approach in the characterization of immunogenic proteins.
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