Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary In order to reassess the role of growth hormone in the dawn phenomenon, we studied eight C-peptide negative diabetic adolescents, who are likely to exhibit important nocturnal growth hormone surges. The insulin infusion rate necessary to maintain euglycaemia was predetermined in each patient from 22.00 hours to 01.00 hours, and then kept constant until 08.00 hours resulting in stable free insulin levels. Blood glucose rose from 4.3±0.7 mmol/l at 01.00 hours to 7.1±1.1 mmol/l at 08.00 hours (p〈0.01) secondary to an increased hepatic glucose production. All the subjects presented an important growth hormone secretion, ranging from 20 to 66 ng/ml (peak values) and from 3619 to 8621 ng·min· ml−1 (areas under the curve). The insulin infusion rate selected for each patient was positively correlated with the nocturnal growth hormone secretion (area under the curve) (r=0.87, p〈0.01). On the other hand, there was no relationship between the nocturnal growth hormone secretion and the magnitude of the early morning blood glucose rise (r=−0.48, p〉0.2). We conclude that, in Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetic adolescents, the dawn phenomenon exists but is moderate despite important growth hormone surges; the nocturnal growth hormone secretion influences the nocturnal insulin requirements but not the dawn phenomenon itself, if insulinisation is adequate.
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