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  • RNA  (1)
  • X-rays  (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1040-452X
    Keywords: Differentiation ; Development ; RNA ; In situ ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: The expression of the ras protooncogene was investigated in Xenopus laevis, throughout development, by in situ hybridization using a 35S-labelled antisense RNA probe. During oogenesis, the ras RNA was strongly expressed in the cytoplasm of previtellogenic oocytes and further diluted between yolk platelets; no specific localization of transcripts was observed. The signal density was particularly weak over embryo sections until the tailbud stage. On the other hand, a high level of ras RNA expression was detected on sections through the young tadpoles. An intense labelling was observed in several areas, including the branchial apparatus, gut, somites, nervous system, and lens. It is noteworthy that the heterogeneity of labelling increases as tadpoles grow older. Together, these results are discussed in relation to cellular events appearing throughout the early development.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: X-rays ; Thyroxine ; Intestine ; Amphibian larvae
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary The conjoined effects of thyroxine and X-rays on the intestinal wall were studied using Alytes obstetricans tadpoles in premetamorphosis. Thyroxine alone induces degeneration of the larval epithelium (primary epithelium) and its replacement by a secondary epithelium. The latter is derived from stem cells via the development of islets. In animals submitted to irradiation only, many of these stem cells showed signs of necrosis. In irradiated larvae treated with thyroxine, the secondary epitheliocytes were rare and never formed islets. Radioautographic observations confirmed their very low proliferation rate. Contrary to what was observed in the hormone treated larvae, cell fragments of the primary epithelium were extruded in the connective tissue, and phagocytes appear to infiltrate the epithelium. In animals treated with thyroxine and later submitted to irradiation, islets of secondary epitheliocytes developed while some cells degenerated. There again, the phagocytes were noted in both the connective tissue and the epithelium.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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