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  • 1
    ISSN: 1615-6102
    Keywords: Arabinogalactan protein ; Drosera capensis ; Endoplasmic reticulum ; Golgi apparatus ; Tonoplast ; Zea mays
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Arabinogalactan proteins (AGPs) are proteoglycans detected in high amounts at plant cell surfaces; however, details of their subcellular localization are largely unknown. Immunolocalization studies with the anti-AGP monoclonal antibody LM2 have indicated that this AGP epitope is associated with secretory compartments such as endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus within plant cells actively producing and secreting AGPs. The LM2 epitope contains a β-linked glucuronic acid residue and occurs in the polysaccharide moiety of AGPs. We have localized this AGP epitope also to the tonoplast and to cytoplasmic strands. Endomembrane association of AGPs was confirmed with two other monoclonal antibodies, JIM13 and MAC207, both reacting with carbohydrate AGP epitopes containing GlcpA-β(1→3)-D-GalpA-α(1→2)-L-Rha residues. Immunocytochemistry is supported by biochemical analysis which shows that LM2 reacts with the microsomal fraction and also with low-molecular-weight material of the detergent phase after Triton X-114 phase separation prepared from maize roots. Our results indicate that some AGP epitopes are closely associated with endomembranes.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-203X
    Keywords: Key words Arabinogalactan-proteins ; Somatic embryogenesis ; Zea mays
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Embryogenic units of friable maize callus are formed as globular or oblong packets of tightly associated meristematic cells. These units are surrounded by conspicuous cell walls visible in light microscopy after staining with basic fuchsin. Transmission electron microscopy revealed that embryogenic cells are rich in endoplasmic reticulum, polysomes and small protein bodies, and that the outermost layer of their cell walls is composed of fibrillar material. Electron microscopy has also shown that this material covers the surface of embryogenic cells as a distinct layer which we denote as extracellular matrix surface network (ECMSN). Employing histochemical staining with β-glucosyl Yariv phenylglycoside, we localized arabinogalactan-proteins (AGPs) to the outer cell walls of embryogenic units including ECMSN. The most prominent staining was found in cell-cell junction domains. Large non-embryogenic callus cells were not stained with this AGP-specific dye. Immunofluorescence and silver-enhanced immunogold labelling using monoclonal antibody JIM4 has shown that the ECMSN of embryogenic cells is equipped with JIM4 epitope, while non-embryogenic callus cells are devoid of this epitope. We propose that some specific AGPs of the ECMSN might be relevant for cell-cell adhesion and recognition of embryogenic cells during early embryogenic stages, and that the JIM4 antibody can serve as an early marker of embryogenic competence in maize callus culture.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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