Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Summary High oral doses of mebendazole are used experimentally for the treatment of human alveolar and cystic echinococcosis. In order to assess bioavailability of this drug 1.5 g doses were given to 3 volunteers. Measurable plasma concentrations of 17 to 134 nmol/l were found only if mebendazole was given together with a fatty meal. In a patient with cholestasis plasma concentrations were higher than in the 3 normal subjects. In patients on long term treatment the increase in plasma concentration after administration of a 1 g dose varied between 0 and 500 nmol/l. It is concluded that systemic availability of mebendazole is enhanced by concomitant food intake. In view of the large intra- and interindividual variation in plasma concentration, monitoring plasma levels during long term therapy appears advisable.
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