Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Abstract The effects of surfactants, adecanol LG-294 and silicone A, on anthocyanin accumulation and the growth ofPerilla frutescens cells in suspension cultures were studied. Production of the red pigment was remarkably reduced from about 1.9 g/l to 0.4 g/l by adecanol LG-294 at 0.06 ml/l but not by silicone A up to 0.4 ml/l. Several repeated shake-flask cultures also demonstrated no adverse effects of silicone A on the metabolite accumulation by the suspended cells. Furthermore, the addition of silicone A to a culture in a stirred bioreactor produced a three-fold higher growth rate and a seven-fold increase in anthocyanin compared with surfactant-free cultures. The improvement was due to the substantial reduction or prevention of foaming and of cell adhesion to the bioreactor wall.
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