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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1106
    Keywords: Visually evoked potential ; Amblyopia ; Pseudorandom modulation ; Temporal frequency ; Spatio-temporal interactions
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The visually evoked potential was recorded in response to pseudorandom modulation of a uniform field and sine-wave gratings in humans with naturally occurring amblyopia. Analysis in the frequency domain showed similar temporal tuning when the nonamblyopic and amblyopic eye were stimulated with a uniform field and with spatial stimuli. Although most observers showed some reduction in the cortical response to stimulation of the amblyopic eye with uniform field modulation, all observers showed reductions in the response obtained for stimulation of the amblyopic eye with spatial stimuli. This decrease in the cortical response to stimulation of the amblyopic eye for sine-wave gratings was present at either the low and middle temporal frequencies or over the range of temporal frequencies tested, and was greater than that observed in those amblyopes who also showed reductions with uniform field modulation. Latency measures in the time domain showed increases in the response of the early components when the amblyopic eye was stimulated with a uniform field and with sine-wave gratings above 2 c/deg. These electrophysiological results confirm the results obtained psychophysically which suggest that although amblyopia is primarily a spatial anomaly, the response is influenced by the temporal attributes of the stimulus as well.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Documenta ophthalmologica 55 (1983), S. 213-236 
    ISSN: 1573-2622
    Keywords: amblyopia ; suprathreshold ; contrast magnitude estimation ; contrast matching ; reaction-time ; psychophysics
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Three experiments were conducted to investigate suprathreshold contrast perception of a group of strabismic and anisometropic amblyopes. In the first experiment, simple reaction-time was measured as a function of the contrast of sinusoidal gratings. At all contrast levels, the amblyopic eyes showed prolonged reaction-times compared to the non-amblyopic eyes. In the second experiment, the perceived contrast of suprathreshold sinusoidal gratings was measured using an interocular successive matching paradigm. The third experiment compared perceived contrast of the amblyopic and non-amblyopic eye by contrast magnitude estimation. The results of the matching and magnitude estimation experiments showed that while amblyopic observers show large losses of contrast sensitivity at threshold, at suprathreshold contrast levels perceived contrast is essentially normal or near normal in the amblyopic eye. Taken together, these experiments suggest that: 1) the amblyopic eye has a higher contrast gain than the non-amblyopic eye, and 2) the amblyopic eye shows prolonged response latencies. Similar results can be obtained in normal observers under conditions of peripheral viewing and noise masking.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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