To study puff-by-puff release characteristics of crotonaldehyde in mainstream cigarette smoke under diverse intensive smoking regimens, we designed an RM20H smoking machine with a puff-by-puff smoke collection unit to automatically trap crotonaldehyde in the mainstream cigarette smoke. Using this process, we trapped, puff-by-puff, crotonaldehyde in mainstream smoke generated by different smoking regimens and quantitatively analysed the levels of crotonaldehyde using high-performance liquid chromatography with a modified QuEChERS sample pretreatment method. On the basis of the crotonaldehyde in each puff, we determined crotonaldehyde's puff-by-puff release characteristics. The results showed that crotonaldehyde's puff-by-puff release remained nearly constant for the International Organization for Standardization mode while increased polynomial trend was seen ( n ≥ 6) under the Massachusetts and Health Canada smoking regimens. The equation fit for various regimens was good ( R 2 〉 0.9192). Release characteristics by puff were classified into four categories: (1) first, second and third puffs; (2) fourth and fifth puffs; (3) sixth puff; and (4) seventh and eighth puffs.
Natural Sciences in General