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  • ANGIOGRAPHY  (7)
  • aneurysm  (7)
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  • 1
    Keywords: Diagnostic Imaging ; radiology ; MULTISLICE CT ; imaging ; CT ; CT ANGIOGRAPHY ; ANGIOGRAPHY ; arteries
    Type of Publication: Book chapter
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  • 2
    Keywords: Germany ; THERAPY ; CLASSIFICATION ; RISK ; PATIENT ; treatment ; LESIONS ; EXPERIENCE ; REPAIR ; HIGH-RISK ; SELECTION ; RECONSTRUCTION ; MANAGEMENT ; SURGICAL-TREATMENT ; ABDOMINAL AORTIC-ANEURYSM ; aneurysm ; ARTERY ANEURYSMS ; endograft ; endovascular ; ENDOVASCULAR TREATMENT ; GRAFTS ; iliac artery ; MIDTERM EXPERIENCE
    Abstract: Isolated iliac aneurysms (IIA) are uncommon lesions that require surgical repair to prevent rupture. The aim of this article is to give an update on the current surgical management of IIA. This report also evaluates the application of endovascular repair in IIA, based on a recent Pubmed search and on our own experience in the interventional field: Open reconstruction achieves good longterm results and still represents the golden standard in surgical treatment of IIA. Transluminally placed endovascular stent grafts can be successfully used to exclude isolated iliac aneurysms in selected high risk patients with suitable anatomy. A classification based on aneurysm morphology is useful for patient selection. The value of endovascular therapy has yet to be determined
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 16485205
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  • 3
    Keywords: computed tomography ; ANGIOGRAPHY ; ABDOMINAL-AORTA ; Aorta ; Aortic pathologies ; COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY AN
    Abstract: Current imaging of the aorta saw an improvement in terms of diversity and quality in recent years. In addition to verifying and documenting a clinical suspicion, it provides the basis for establishing an indication, choosing a therapy (conservative, surgical, interventional), as well as therapy planning and follow-up. Besides B-mode and duplex sonography, as well as transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), contrast-enhanced cross-sectional imaging, computer tomography (CT), with the option for CT angiography (CTA), and magnetic resonance tomography (MRT), with the option for MR angiography (MRA), play a significant role. The present article describes the possibilities offered by CTA and MRA for the diagnosis of aortic pathologies from the point of view of the radiologist in a maximum care hospital
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
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  • 4
    Keywords: Germany ; chest ; CT ; SYSTEM ; TOOL ; DEATH ; DISEASE ; MORTALITY ; RISK ; SURGERY ; PATIENT ; INJURIES ; MECHANISM ; IMPACT ; CONTRAST ; mechanisms ; treatment ; EXPERIENCE ; DISRUPTION ; REPAIR ; REGION ; ANGIOGRAPHY ; MANAGEMENT ; THORACIC AORTA ; HEIGHT ; wound ; STABILIZATION ; endovascular ; Cause of Death ; BLUNT ; DELAYED TREATMENT ; intracranial ; RUPTURE
    Abstract: Acute traumatic aortic tear (ATAT) is the second most common cause of deaths in trauma patients (about 8,000 deaths/year in the USA). Due to circumferential aortic disruption, up to 90% die at the scene. Responsible trauma mechanisms are: penetrating (gunshot/stab wounds), iatrogenic (interventional catheterization) and, most frequently, blunt chest trauma (high-speed motor vehicles, falls from heights, crushes, explosions) resulting in injury at the aortic isthmus region (loco typico, about 90%). Severe multiple system injuries (polytrauma), especially to intracranial and intraabdominal organs, are characteristic and prognostically predicitive. Immediate transthoracic open repair of ATAT has a mortality risk of 8% to 33% and paraplegia risk of 2% to 26%. Contrast enhanced CT scan has replaced the classical angiography as the diagnostic tool of choice. Patients with life-threatening multisystem injuries are scheduled for delayed repair after initial stabilization. Currently, the use of endovascular stent-grafts (EVAR) is being investigated. Our personal series confirms that EVAR for ATAT is a viable alternative to open repair while minimizing the morbidity and mortality of the open procedure and having a limited impact on trauma destabilization. The assessment of long-term durability of EVAR is one of the key issues to consider EVAR as the first choice of treatment
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 16533692
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  • 5
    Keywords: MODEL ; VISUALIZATION ; DISEASE ; BLOOD-FLOW ; MAGNETIC-RESONANCE ; magnetic resonance imaging ; SURVEILLANCE ; ANGIOGRAPHY ; endovascular repair ; endovascular ; ANEURYSM REPAIR ; Aorta ; stent graft ; phase-contrast flow ; blood flow velocity
    Abstract: PURPOSE: To validate flow measurements within an aortic nickel-titanium (nitinol) stent graft using velocity-encoded cine magnetic resonance imaging (VEC MRI) and to assess intraobserver agreement of repeated flow measurements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An elastic tube phantom mimicking the descending aorta was developed with the possibility to insert an aortic nitinol stent graft. Different flow patterns (constant, sinusoidal and pulsatile aortic flow) were applied by a gear pump. A two-dimensional phase-contrast sequence was used to acquire VEC perpendicular cross-sections at six equidistant levels along the phantom. Each acquisition was performed twice with and without stent graft, and each dataset was analysed twice by the same reader. The percental difference of the measured flow volume to the gold standard (pump setting) was defined as the parameter for accuracy. Furthermore, the intraobserver agreement was assessed. RESULTS: Mean accuracy of flow volume measurements was -0.45+/- 1.63% without stent graft and -0.18+/- 1.45% with stent graft. Slightly lower accuracy was obtained for aortic flow both without (-2.31%) and with (-1.29%) stent graft. Accuracy was neither influenced by the measurement position nor by repeated acquisitions. There was significant intraobserver agreement with an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.87 (without stent graft, p〈0.001) and 0.80 (with stent graft, p〈0.001). The coefficient of variance was 0.25% without stent graft and 0.28% with stent graft. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated high accuracy and excellent intraobserver agreement of flow measurements within an aortic nitinol stent graft using VEC MRI. VEC MRI may give new insights into the haemodynamic consequences of endovascular aortic repair.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 20888719
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  • 6
    Keywords: POPULATION ; magnetic resonance imaging ; AGE ; NECK ; COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY ; ANGIOGRAPHY ; physiology ; CONFORMATIONAL-CHANGES ; THORACIC AORTA ; endovascular repair ; endovascular ; ANEURYSMS ; stent graft ; ARTERIAL STIFFNESS ; WAVE REFLECTION
    Abstract: PURPOSE: To test our hypothesis that distension and displacement in various segments of the healthy thoracic aorta are significant and can be predicted based on clinical characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-one Caucasian volunteers without cardiovascular disease (49 +/- 16 years, range 19-82; 28 men, 33 women) divided into two age groups (A: 〈50, B: 〉/= 50 years) underwent 1.5-T MRI. ECG-gated dynamic data sets were acquired at five locations perpendicular to the thoracic aorta. Aortic distension and Centre of Mass (CoM) displacement were determined as percentages of diastolic aortic diameter. A multiple linear regression model including age group, gender, location, mean arterial blood pressure, heart rate and body mass index was tested. RESULTS: Mean aortic distension averaged over all locations was 11.2 +/- 4.1% (age group A) and 6.7 +/- 3.3% (age group B), mean displacement 15.1 +/- 8.3% (A) and 11.0 +/- 6.2% (B). Systolic and diastolic aortic diameter and CoM position significantly differed at all locations (p〈0.001). Distension and displacement could be predicted based on the regression model (p〈0.001). Age group A and women exhibited significantly greater distension and displacement compared to age group B (p〈0.001) and men (p〈0.01), respectively. Distension increased, displacement decreased from proximal to distal. CONCLUSION: Distension and translational displacement are significant at all levels of the thoracic aorta and can be predicted based on clinical characteristics.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 20850234
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  • 7
    Keywords: Germany ; COMMON ; CT ; DIAGNOSIS ; FOLLOW-UP ; imaging ; DISEASE ; MORTALITY ; NEW-YORK ; ACCURACY ; computed tomography ; NUCLEAR-MEDICINE ; PATIENT ; REPAIR ; EFFICIENT ; tomography ; COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY ; sensitivity ; specificity ; CT ANGIOGRAPHY ; ANGIOGRAPHY ; ARTERY ; nuclear medicine ; DISSECTION ; radiology ; HIGH-RESOLUTION ; THORACIC AORTA ; MORBIDITY ; PRINCIPLES ; NUCLEAR ; USA ; aneurysm ; Aorta ; MEDICINE ; NOV ; medical imaging ; ANEURYSMS ; German ; aortic dissection ; aortic disease ; INTRAMURAL HEMATOMA ; MULTIDETECTOR-ROW CT ; multisclice computed tomography (MSCT)
    Abstract: Aortic disease is associated with high morbidity and mortality and thus require an efficient and accurate diagnostic approach, especially in the acute setting. Multislice computed tomography (MSCT) with the option of high-resolution CT angiography (CTA) has emerged as the standard of reference in diagnosis and follow-up of patients with acquired aortic disease. Aortic dissection is the most common aortic emergency, but it remains undiscovered in up to 38% of cases. Sensitivity and specificity of MSCT in the assessment of aortic dissection are greater than 99%. The sensitivity of CT in the detection of inflammatory changes is 83%; its specificity is almost 100%; and its diagnostic accuracy is ca. 94%. This article outlines state-of-the-art principles in diagnostic CT imaging of acquired aortic disease
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 17938873
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  • 8
    Keywords: AGE ; ANGIOPLASTY ; aneurysm ; Aorta ; ANEURYSMS ; aortic dissection ; Aortic pathologies ; thoracic
    Abstract: Since its introduction by Dake et al., more than 20 years ago, thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has been used with increasing frequency for a variety of different pathologies of the thoracic aorta. Although long-term data are still missing, TEVAR is well-established and has meanwhile replaced conventional open repair (OR) as the first treatment option in many vascular centers. This evolution is based on a minimal invasive approach associated with a potentially lower morbidity and mortality rate. Nevertheless, TEVAR bares several procedure specific complications (e.g. endoleak, stent-graft migration, material fatigue) and technical pitfalls which must be kept in mind while dealing with this treatment option. The aim of this paper was, therefore, to present the lessons learned in I I years with thoracic endografting for different thoracic aortic pathologies focusing on applicability, results and device related problems. Over a period between January 1997 and September 2008 a total of 355 thoracic aortic stent-grafts were implanted in 221 patients (159 males, mean age 62 years), 59% under emergency conditions. Indications included patients with atherosclerotic and post-traumatic aneurysms, aortic dissections, aortobronchial fistulas, and traumatic ruptures. Besides the morphological classification of thoracic aortic lesions, preoperative modern 3-D imaging for adequate procedure planning, current devices and their specific aspects during placement will be discussed. Furthermore, our own experience and results in selected indications will be presented. Thoracic endovascular reconstruction appears to be a safe and effective alternative to OR for many patients with thoracic aortic diseases, especially in emergencies. Prospective trials for individual diseases will be necessary to define its ultimate role
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
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  • 9
    Keywords: ANGIOGRAPHY ; ORIGIN ; RENAL-ARTERIES ; DISSECTIONS ; REPLACEMENT ; ATRIAL-FIBRILLATION ; BRANCHED STENT-GRAFT ; ANEURYSMS ; CTA
    Abstract: PURPOSE: To evaluate whether quantitative characterization of aortic arch geometry including its branches is feasible based on in vivo computed tomography (CT) angiography and magnetic resonance (MR) angiography data in healthy and diseased aortic arches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten healthy volunteers, 10 patients with abdominal aortic disease, and 10 patients with aortic arch disease underwent MR angiography (10 volunteers) or CT angiography (20 patients). Commercial software was used for individual segmentation of supraaortic arteries. In-house software was developed for segmentation of aortic arch landmarks based on standardized multiplanar reformations (MPRs) and for subsequent aortic arch mapping. RESULTS: Supraaortic arteries and aortic arch landmarks were successfully segmented in all 30 subjects for CT angiography and MR angiography data. Significant tapering within the first centimeter was observed in all supraaortic arteries (P 〈 .001). The three supraaortic arteries showed significantly different vessel diameters and areas (P 〈 .001). The software developed in-house allowed detailed aortic arch mapping with quantitative definitions of the positional relationships between each supraaortic artery and the aorta. Distances between supraaortic arteries were less than 5 mm in 77.6% (mean 4.1 mm +/- 3.8). The brachiocephalic trunk tended to be positioned on the right side of the aortic arch, and the left subclavian and left common carotid arteries tended to be positioned on the left side of the aortic arch. CONCLUSIONS: The feasibility and application of a postprocessing method allowing quantification of geometry of supraaortic arteries and aortic arch mapping were successfully demonstrated. Validation and evaluation of clinical implications are warranted
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 21459612
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  • 10
    Keywords: Germany ; LUNG ; FOLLOW-UP ; SYSTEM ; VENTILATION ; MORTALITY ; PATIENT ; COMPLEX ; INJURIES ; COMPLEXES ; INFECTION ; LESIONS ; EXPERIENCE ; REPAIR ; arteries ; HIGH-RISK ; pathology ; FAILURE ; RECONSTRUCTION ; COMPLICATIONS ; CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS ; STROKE ; EVENTS ; technique ; CAROTID-ARTERY ; aneurysm ; endograft ; endovascular ; ENDOVASCULAR TREATMENT ; DISSECTIONS ; REPLACEMENT ; CLINICAL-EXPERIENCE ; EXCLUSION ; aorta,thoracic ; BRANCHED STENT-GRAFT ; endovascular surgical procedures ; hybrid aortic procedure ; SUPRAAORTIC BRANCHES ; TRANSPOSITION
    Abstract: The aim of this study was to report our clinical experience with and review current literature on endoluminal aortic hybrid techniques and to evaluate outcome in high-risk patients treated for complex aortic arch lesions combining conventional supra-aortic debranching bypasses with subsequent or staged thoracic endovascular grafting. Of 172 patients treated with thoracic endografts for different thoracic aortic pathologies within the last 8 years, the mid-aortic arch was involved in 25, i.e. at least the left common carotid artery had to be overstented and revascularized to provide a proper proximal landing zone. These debranching bypasses were performed as a simultaneous or a staged procedure. All patients were at high-risk and were excluded by cardiac surgeons as ineligible for conventional arch repair. After partial (n=16) or complete (n=9) supra-aortic transposition, 4 different commercially available endografts (80% TAG, WL Gore) were implanted transfemorally or via iliac conduit. Deployment success was 100% in 25 patients after simultaneous or staged supra-aortic transposition; in 32% an emergency procedure was performed due to contained rupture; in 36% more than 1 endograft system was implanted (2 in 20%, 3 in 8% and 4 in 8%). The overall perioperative thirty-day mortality was 5 of 25 (20%) due to interoperative proximal bare stent perforation (n=1), transfusion related acute lung injury (TRALI n=1), cardiac failure (n=1), embolic stroke (n=1) and pneumonia (n=1). The mean follow-up was 21 months. All endoleaks type I (n=3) were corrected with another endograft; the 2 endoleaks type II sealed spontaneously. The major adverse events were: prolonged ventilation in 5 (20%), temporary renal insufficiency with hemodialysis (n=2), bypass infection (n=1), without any complications (n=9). No cases of paraplegia were recorded. Hybrid aortic arch repair is technically challenging but feasible. This novel approach may be an alternative to standard open procedures in high-risk patients and emergency cases. However, the promising early results need to be confirmed by longer follow-up and larger series
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 17033600
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