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  • Articles  (3)
  • dehydration  (2)
  • Arachidonic acid  (1)
  • 1995-1999  (3)
  • 1960-1964
  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-5044
    Keywords: Mangifera indica ; somatic embryogenesis ; vitrification ; dehydration ; abscisic acid
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Hyperhydricity of immature somatic embryos has been a limiting factor for the development of highly embryogenic suspension cultures of many important mango cultivars. Reversion of hyperhydricity was achieved in two ways: 1) heart-stage somatic embryos (2–3 mm length) were partially dehydrated under controlled conditions at high relative humidity (RH) for 24–48 h and 2) the gelling agent (Gel-Gro) concentration of the plant growth medium was increased from 2.0 to 6.0 g l-1. Partially dehydrated immature somatic embryos were normal in appearance. Somatic embryos that were partially dehydrated germinated precociously when cultured on maturation medium. Although abscisic acid (ABA) did not reverse hyperhydricity of primary somatic embryos, ABA did stimulate the reversal of this abnormal pattern of development among secondary embryos. ABA (500 μM) inhibited precocious germination and permitted somatic embryo maturation. Partially dehydrated, immature somatic embryos (4–7 mm long) remained viable for up to 32 days in the absence of maturation medium under high RH.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-5044
    Keywords: Mangifera indica L. ; somatic embryo ; dehydration
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Inhibition of mango somatic embryo growth was inducedin vitro by treatments for 4 or more weeks with abscisic acid (0–100 μM ABA) with and without high osmolarity provided by mannitol (0–10%). High osmolarity and ABA significantly affected somatic embryo length, precocious germination and the production of good quality secondary somatic embryos. High osmolarity also affected root elongation. Abscisic acid was more effective in suppressing growth and development of ≥0.5 cm-length somatic embryos than smaller somatic embryos. Development beyond the heart stage was significantly inhibited by both ABA and mannitol treatments. The recovery of good quality somatic embryos was enhanced by high levels of ABA (100 μM) with and without mannitol (0–5%). Somatic embryos that had been pulsed with ABA were partially desiccated at different relative humidities. Weight loss was affected only by relative humidity; and ABA did not enhance desiccation tolerance.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1572-9699
    Keywords: Arachidonic acid ; isolation ; Mortierella ; soil
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Malt extract agar and an incubation temperature of 5 °C were used to selectively isolate representatives of the genus Mortierella from soil. Fungi in a soil sample from mountain grassland able to grow under these conditions, amounted to a total of 2640 colony forming units per gram soil. Circa 94% of the total fungal isolates represented Mortierella subgenus Mortierella. The rest of the colony-forming units consisted of Mucor isolates (6.0%) and higher fungi (1.5%). All the Mortierella isolates produced arachidonic acid.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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