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  • antidepressants  (1)
  • drug interaction  (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1041
    Keywords: nifedipine ; cimetidine ; pharmacokinetics ; drug interaction
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary The plasma pharmacokinetics of nifedipine and the formation of its metabolites have been studied in volunteers under conditions which would affect the activity of the cytochrome P-450 system. The pharmacokinetics of a 10-mg capsule of nifedipine were not significantly different between smokers and non-smokers of similar age. After pretreatment with cimetidine, which inhibits the activity of cytochrome P-450, the peak plasma concentration and area under the plasma-time concentration curve for nifedipine were increased by a mean 84%. In contrast, pre-treatment with ranitidine which has little effect on cytochrome P-450, did not significantly alter nifedipine pharmacokinetics. Smoking does not contribute significantly to the variability in nifedipine pharmacokinetics. However, the interaction between nifedipine and cimetidine, but not ranitidine, may be of clinical importance.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1041
    Keywords: trazodone ; imipramine ; anticholinergic effects ; ECG ; antidepressants
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary The electrocardiographic and anticholinergic effects of trazodone (150 mg) and imipramine (75 mg) were investigated in 8 healthy volunteers. Both agents increased the QTc interval and decreased T wave height, but the effects occurred earlier with trazodone (from 30 min onwards) than with imipramine (150 and 180 min after dosing). Both drugs decreased heart rate, imipramine at 30 and 60 min and trazodone at 90 min. After 120 min, heart rate began to increase with imipramine an effect which was not seen with trazodone. Salivary volume was significantly decreased by imipramine at 120 and 180 min whereas trazodone did not influence salivary volume. Plasma levels of trazodone and imipramine were significantly related to the decrease in T wave amplitude. The increase in QTc interval correlated significantly with the plasma level of imipramine. These results suggest that trazodone, like the tricyclic antidepressants prolongs ventricular repolarization; but, in contrast to imipramine, it does not have anticholinergic activity.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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