actin cross-linking protein
Life and Medical Sciences
Cell & Developmental Biology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Echinoderm coelomocytes transform from petaloid cells with large motile lamellipodia to filopodial forms. During this morphological transformation, actin filaments extensively reorganize from a random meshwork into tight bundles, which become the skeletons or cores of the filopodia. Antibody localization procedures show that fascin, a 58,000 dalton actin cross-linking protein, becomes incorporated into the filament bundles as they form. Isolated filopodial cores have a pronounced transverse striping pattern, which has been previously identified with fascin crosslinks, and gel electrophoresis identifies a protein in the cores that co-migrates with purified egg fascin. A few of the core fragments also have a distinctive “cap,” which we presume is the membrane insertion site for actin filaments.We have developed a radioimmunoassay for fascin and have used it to study the redistribution of this protein during transformation. Data from the assay indicate that fascin constitutes about 5% of the total cell protein and that substantially more fascin, approximately 1.5-2 times more, is found in the Triton-insoluble cytoskeletons of the filopodial cells than in the petaloid cells. Actin, measured by the DNAase I inhibition assay accounts for approximately 10% of the total cell protein. Approximately 65% of this actin is in a soluble non-filamentous form in the petaloid cells. Our results show that actin polymerization must occur during the cell shape change, since we find approximately 25% more actin in the filopodial cytoskeleton than in the petaloid cytoskeleton. The results show a preferential incorporation of fascin into the cytoskeleton as the cells form filopodia.
Type of Medium: