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  • flow cytometry  (2)
  • 21.60.Ev  (1)
  • 1990-1994  (3)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1434-601X
    Keywords: 21.60.Ev ; 27.90.+b
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract Positive and negative parity bands have been followed up to 10+ (possibly 12+) and 11− in224Ra and are compared to the corresponding bands in the isotone226Th. If a constant value of the intrinsic quadrupole moment is assumed for allE2 transitions in224Ra theE1/E2 branching ratios are consistent with an intrinsic dipole moment of ¦Q1¦=0.032(3)e·fm. This small value, as compared to ¦Q1¦=0.30(2)e·fm for226Th, can be explained by an almost complete cancellation of large positive liquid-drop and negative shell-model contributions.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-7217
    Keywords: flow cytometry ; DNA ploidy ; S-phase fraction ; estrogen receptor ; breast cancer ; prognosis ; stage
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The prospective prognostic significance of flow cytometry derived DNA-ploidy status, the level of the S-phase fraction (SPF), estrogen receptor (ER) content, and combinations of these factors, was evaluated with respect to overall survival (OS) in a series of 516 breast cancer patients who were without signs of residual or distant disease after primary completed treatment. The median duration of survival follow-up time was ten years (range, 95–148 months) for surviving patients. Of the single factors, ER was the only significant predictor among node-negative patients; the ten-year OS rate was 71% in cases with ER-rich tumors vs. 62% for ER-poor tumors (p=0.03). Where tumors were both non-diploid and ER-poor, the ten-year OS rate was 58%, as compared to 75% for the remaining node-negative patients (p=0.003), who constituted a low-risk group whose survival was comparable with that in the age-matched normal population. Among patients with 1–3 positive nodes, the ten-year OS rate was 65% in patients whose tumors had an SPF 〈7.3% vs. 50% if the SPF was ≥7.3% (p=0.01), and 58% in cases with ER-rich tumors vs. 45% where the tumors were ER-poor (p=0.02). In a multivariate analysis, apart from age and menopausal status the combination of ploidy status and ER content was the significant (p=0.002) predictor of OS in node-negative patients. Thus, combining ploidy and ER status, both of which are variables easily determined, enabled the selection of a subgroup of patients at high risk of relapse and reduced survival whose prognosis should be improved by effective adjuvant systemic treatment, whereas the remaining low risk N0 patients can not be expected to derive any survival benefit from adjuvant therapy since their predicted survival is already on a par with that of the general population.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-5125
    Keywords: dinoflagellates ; flow cytometry ; immunochemical labeling ; toxic phytoplankton
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Particulate suspended matter in oceanic, coastal, and estuarine regions can be specifically marked immunochemically with a fluorescent probe using antisera recognizing antigens present on their surface. Of the particulate matter, phytoplankton is a major component. Toxic species that may form harmful blooms can be a direct threat to aquaculturing tourism, sea-life and man. In order to detect such species in natural fixed phytoplankton populations, immunochemical tagging has been combined with flow cytometric evaluation Microalgal cells can be labeled with a fluorescent probe (fluorescein isothiocyanate, FITC, is recommended). Labeled cells are counted using a flow cytometer. This method has proved to be applicable in a monitoring programme in the North Sea.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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