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  • 1
    ISSN: 0887-6266
    Keywords: thermotropic liquid-crystalline polyester ; fluorescence ; intermolecular ground-state complex ; electronic distribution ; Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: A thermotropic liquid-crystalline (LC) polyester, poly[(ethylene terephthalate)-co-(p-oxybenzoate)] (PET40/OBA60) (OBA content: 60 mol %), is investigated by fluorescence technique using two model compounds: dimethyl terephthalate (DMT) and methyl methoxybenzoate (MMB) and is demonstrated to form an intermolecular ground-state complex between the terephthalate and OBA moieties. The change in fluorescence of PET40/OBA60 film is studied from 25°C to 450°C. The peak wavelength change for fluorescence of the intermolecular ground-state complex from 394 to 430 nm was observed in the temperature range between Tg and the LC transition temperature (115∼ 250°C). This is attributed to the electronic distribution change between terephthalate and OBA moieties in the excited state, which play roles of acceptor and donor, respectively. The increase in the fluorescence intensity from the temperature near the annealing temperature to the temperature near the isotropic temperature (287∼370°C) is suggested to be the increase in LC configuration and the formation of a more stable excited state due to the electronic distribution change between terephthalate and OBA moieties. The lifetime of PET40/OBA60 film quenched from LC temperature (300°C) to room temperature is in agreement with that of the nonannealed one, which is due to the fact that the deactivation process of the sample quenched from LC temperature is in accord with that of the nonannealed one. © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0887-6266
    Keywords: photoconductivity ; charge carrier ; fluorescence ; curing effect ; molecular aggregation ; polyimides with alicyclic diamines ; intermolecular interaction ; mixed layer packing ; Physics ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: Photoconduction mechanism of a polyimide with an alicyclic diamine, PI(PMDA/DCHM), prepared from pyromellitic dianhydride (PMDA) and 4,4′-diaminodicyclohexylmethane (DCHM) was investigated. Its UV absorption spectra, fluorescence spectra, photoconductivity, and annealing effects on the photocurrent generation were measured and compared to those of CPD, N,N′-dicyclohexylpyromellitic diimide, and PI(PMDA/DMDHM) prepared from PMDA and 3,3′-dimethyl-4,4′-diaminodicyclohexylmethane (DMDHM). Photoconductivity of PI(PMDA/DCHM) depends upon the degree of molecular packing between polymer backbones. PI(PMDA/DMDHM) has no photoconductivity, probably due to a barrier to their intermolecular packing by the existence of two methyl substituents. Photoconductivity of PI(PMDA/DCHM) would be the result of the weak intermolecular interaction formed by mixed layer packing arrangement between pyromellitic moiety of one polymer backbone and N-cyclohexyl ring of another one in the ground state. Radiation absorption of this weak intermolecular interaction immediately forms a charge-transfer complex in the excited state and produces radical cation and anion charge carriers, which lead to the photoconductivity in the bulk polyimide film of PI(PMDA/DCHM). © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Polym Sci B: Polym Phys 36: 1433-1442, 1998
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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