astrocytoma, mild cortical dysplasia
neuron specific enolase
glial fibrillary acidic protein
neural cell adhesion molecule
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The study provides detailed biochemical correlates to the common histopathological diagnoses in epilepsy. A dot immunobinding procedure was used for quantification of NSE, GFA, S-100, NCAM, NF 68 and NF 200. The material consisted of samples from 48 patients either selected for surgical treatment of partial epilepsy or for disorders not related to epilepsy. The histopthological diagnosis of the epileptic cases was: MCD (mild cortical dysplasia, microdysgenesis), gliosis, astrocytoma, ganglioglioma, oligodendroglioma and single cases. The concentration in non-epileptic white matter, in per cent of that in grey matter was: NSE, 85; GFA, 175; S-100, 117; NCAM, 43; NF 68,227 and NF 200, 173. The concentration of NSE as well as of GFA was close to normal in the specimens of the MCD and gliosis groups and of one subgroup of the astrocytomas. There was a striking inverse relationship of the GFA vs the NSE concentrations in the whole material. The concentrations of S-100 showed no such inverse relationship to NSE levels. In all the epileptic groups, total NCAM was lower than 50% of that of the non-epileptic group. The mean NF 68 and NF 200 concentration in the gliosis and astrocytoma groups was 75% of the of the non-epileptic group while the corresponding value for the MCD group was 50%. There was a positive correlation of immunochemically determined GFA and the histopathological gliosis score in the samples of epileptogenic cortex. There was no correlation between the concentration of GFA in the samples and the duration of epilepsy. The concentration of neuronal markers was relatively unaffected in the cortex of most patients with epilepsy related to MCD, gliosis and even to astrocytoma infiltration, even after years of seizures.
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