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  • 1
    ISSN: 0942-0940
    Keywords: Focal epilepsy ; epilepsy surgery ; gliosis ; immunohistochemistry ; glial fibrillar acidic protein
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Neurosurgical resection of an epileptic focus was performed in eleven patients suffering from drug resistant focal epilepsy. The clinical result was favourable in nine cases and corresponds to the earlier results. The routinely processed biopsy specimens obtained from the brain resections were stained with haematoxylin-eosin and with specific antisera to GFAP, S-100, NSE, laminin, and fibronectin using the peroxidase-antiperoxidase technique. The main pathological finding was gliosis in eight cases, neuronal degeneration in two cases, and a vascular malformation in one case. The anti-GFAP as a specific marker of astrocytes made the astroglial proliferation clearly visible, demonstrating an astroglial scar in four cases and a moderately to strongly increased amount of astroglial cells in another four cases. Anti-S-100 and anti-fibronectin are not as specific markers. They stained both neurones and glial cells with comparable results to that of anti-GFAP but with a lower specificity and sensitivity. Anti-NSE showed decreased amounts of neurones in most of the heavily gliotic lesions and also stained glial cells in some cases. Anti-laminin stained the pial and vascular basement membranes and revealed an increased vasculature in two cases. From these results, it appeares that GFAP immunostaining is a highly demonstrative means for the visualization of astrogliosis in epileptic lesions and may be of help in identifying slight focal changes. An exact demonstration of neuronal loss or other neuronal changes still waits for a more specific marker then NSE. A favourable clinical outcome after neurosurgery seems to be associated with the patients showing a clearly gliotic brain lesion in one temporal lobe.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-6903
    Keywords: Epilepsy ; human ; temporal cortex ; gliosis ; astrocytoma, mild cortical dysplasia ; neuron specific enolase ; neurofilament polypeptides ; glial fibrillary acidic protein ; S-100 ; neural cell adhesion molecule
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The study provides detailed biochemical correlates to the common histopathological diagnoses in epilepsy. A dot immunobinding procedure was used for quantification of NSE, GFA, S-100, NCAM, NF 68 and NF 200. The material consisted of samples from 48 patients either selected for surgical treatment of partial epilepsy or for disorders not related to epilepsy. The histopthological diagnosis of the epileptic cases was: MCD (mild cortical dysplasia, microdysgenesis), gliosis, astrocytoma, ganglioglioma, oligodendroglioma and single cases. The concentration in non-epileptic white matter, in per cent of that in grey matter was: NSE, 85; GFA, 175; S-100, 117; NCAM, 43; NF 68,227 and NF 200, 173. The concentration of NSE as well as of GFA was close to normal in the specimens of the MCD and gliosis groups and of one subgroup of the astrocytomas. There was a striking inverse relationship of the GFA vs the NSE concentrations in the whole material. The concentrations of S-100 showed no such inverse relationship to NSE levels. In all the epileptic groups, total NCAM was lower than 50% of that of the non-epileptic group. The mean NF 68 and NF 200 concentration in the gliosis and astrocytoma groups was 75% of the of the non-epileptic group while the corresponding value for the MCD group was 50%. There was a positive correlation of immunochemically determined GFA and the histopathological gliosis score in the samples of epileptogenic cortex. There was no correlation between the concentration of GFA in the samples and the duration of epilepsy. The concentration of neuronal markers was relatively unaffected in the cortex of most patients with epilepsy related to MCD, gliosis and even to astrocytoma infiltration, even after years of seizures.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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