in situ FTIR spectroscopy
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract In situ FTIR spectroscopy has been applied to study the reason of the different selectivity behaviour of rhodium in the CO hydrogenation reaction in dependence on the different particle size. Several forms of molecularly adsorbed CO are observed, such as linearly- and bridgedbonded CO on metallic rhodium as well as dicarbonyl species with Rh(I) centres formed by oxidation of Rh(0) with protons in presence of CO. Furthermore, non-reactive formate, acetate, and carbonate species are produced as side products of the reaction. The higher selectivity to oxygenates, particularly to methanol, is explained by the existence of multiple-bonded CO present only on small rhodium crystallites. The multiple-bonded CO formed at low temperatures is converted at higher temperatures to the highly reactive formyl species, which is hydrogenated to methanol.
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