Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Three series of regioisomeric bisadducts of C60, namely, C62(anisyl)4 and the mixed systems C62(anisyl)2-(COOEt)2, and C61(COOEt)2(NCOOEt), were synthesized starting from the 1,2-monoadducts C61(COOEt)2 (1), C61-(anisyl)2 (2), and C60(NCOOEt) (4) by using the Bingel and Bamford-Stevens reactions, and nitrene additions. In the case of C61(COOEt)2(NCOOEt) the complete series of nine possible regioisomers were isolated for the first time. For steric reasons the cis-1 isomers of C62(anisyl)4 and C62(anisyl)2(COOEt)2 were not formed. The transannular [6,6] bonds in the cis-1 isomer 42 of C61(COOEt)2(NCOOEt) are closed. The properties and regioselectivities of formation of these bisadducts and their monoadduct precursors were compared with those of the series C62-(COOEt)4 and C60(NCOOEt)2, which we synthesized previously. In the additions to 1, 2, and 4 the preferred positions of attack are e and trans-3 for sterically demanding addends (e.g., combinations of C(anisyl)2 and C(COOEt)2) and cis-1, e, and trans-3 for sterically less demanding addends (e.g., combinations of N(COOEt) and C(COOEt)2). A detailed analysis of the MO structures, the experimental and calculated geometries of monoadduct precursors, and the stabilities of reaction products leads to the conclusion that the addend-independent cage distortion itself is responsible for the observed regioselectivities of bisadduct formations.
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