major urinary proteins
rate of synthesis
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract By labeling liver protein in vivo with [3H]leucine, the relative biosynthetic rate has been measured for the major urinary proteins (MUPs), three closely related, androgen-regulated proteins that are synthesized in mouse liver, secreted into the bloodstream, and excreted into the urine. In livers from females of strain C57BL/6J, total MUP synthesis represents about 0.6–0.9% of the total protein synthesis; in males and testosterone-treated females of the same strain, synthesis increases to about 3.5–4.0% of the total. This 4-to 6-fold induction of total MUP synthesis is similar to the androgen-mediated increase in MUP-specific messenger RNA reported by others, and indicates that the previously observed 20- to 25-fold induction of total MUP excretion into urine is generated partly at the posttranslational level. By measuring the ratio of synthesis of the individual MUPs, it was determined that the testosterone-mediated change in the relative levels of the MUPs in urine reflects a similar change in the pattern of MUP synthesis, indicating that the posttranslational processes operate on the quantity, and not the nature, of MUPs excreted. A survey of seven inbred mouse strains revealed polymorphism for the rate of total MUP synthesis in untreated females. Two classes could be distinguished on the basis of a 3- to 5-fold difference in the rate. This variation does not correlate with variation at Mup-a, a locus that controls the ratio of the three MUPs in urine from androgen-induced mice. These findings are consistent with the notion that MUP expression is controlled by a variety of independently assorting genes.
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