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  • Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy  (2)
  • manometry  (2)
  • United States
  • 1985-1989  (4)
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Years
Year
  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-2568
    Keywords: colonic motility ; manometry ; strain gauge ; gastrointestinal motility ; dog recording
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The extent to which the established variability in colonic motility recordings is due to differences in recording techniques is not known. The aim of this study was to compare the ability of two intraluminal recording devices (perfused tube and tube mounted strain gauge) to record colonic motor activity against a reference device (serosal strain gauge). In six anesthetized dogs an intracolonic probe was positioned such that the component perfused tubes and tube mounted strain gauges were approximated to identical strain gauges mounted on the serosa. Contractions were induced by field stimulation and intraarterial injections of acetylcholine and carbachol. While both intraluminal devices demonstrated limitations in the detection of phasic and tonic motor events, perfused tubes detected a significantly greater proportion of tonic and phasic contractions than did strain gauges (P〈0.001). Intraluminal strain gauges misrepresented 50% of tonic contractions (confirmed visually and by serosal strain gauges) as waveforms with negative polarity. This was not seen in recordings from perfused tubes. Perfused tubes represented tonic contractions as biphasic or bifid waveforms significantly less frequently than strain gauges (P〈0.05). Radial asymmetry of colonie contractions is likely to account for these observed discrepancies. Recorded motility patterns are influenced by different recording techniques, and these differences are a source of variability in recorded patterns of colonie motor activity.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-2568
    Keywords: upper esophageal sphincter ; manometry ; cricopharyngeus ; stress ; globus sensation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Anxiety and abnormal upper esophageal sphincter function have been ascribed ill- defined roles in the etiology of globus sensation. In this study, we examined the psychological profile and effect of acute mental stress (dichotic listening task) on UES tone in seven patients reporting to the clinic with globus sensation and 13 healthy controls. Alterations in heart rate, blood pressure, frontalis EMG, and skin conductance confirmed the effectiveness of the stress test in patients and controls. During resting conditions, UES pressure (mean±SE) in patients (40.4±4.6 mm Hg) did not differ significantly from controls (46.5±4.7 mm Hg). In response to stress, UES pressure rose by 31% in patients (P=0.04) and by 25% in controls (P=0.002). The stress- induced rise in UES pressure in patients (9.5±3.8 mm Hg) was not significantly different to that observed in controls (11.8±3.0 mm Hg). Psychological profiles of globus patients presenting to the clinic revealed them to be more introverted, anxious, neurotic, and depressed than normal controls. We conclude that in patients with a history of globus sensation, resting UES pressure and its response to stress is normal. Although individuals presenting to the clinic with globus sensation showed increased levels of psychoneurosis, acute, predictable stress is not a factor in the genesis of globus sensation. UES hyperresponsiveness to other stimuli or subjective intolerance to changes in UES pressure could account for symptoms of globus sensation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0030-493X
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The ratio of the fragment ions at m/z 122 and m/z 123 in the positive ion fast atom bombardment or secondary ion mass spectra of thiamine hydrochloride varies with sample preparation and experimental conditions. For all mass spectra that contained significant abundances of matrix (S) ions [S + H]+, the fragment at m/z 123 is the more abundant of the two ions. If [S + H]+ ions are not observed in the mass spectrum under the conditions selected, the ion at m/z 122 is more abundant. This correlation suggests that hydrogen transfer to the fragment ion occurs in the gas phase, with the composition of the ion-solvent cluster ions in the selvedge region being the key factor. The ratio of the fragment ions at m/z 123 and m/z 122 is thus an indicator of the extent of protonation in the selvedge, the region immediately above the solvent surface created by primary particle bombardment.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0951-4198
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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