microvillous and basal membrane vesicles
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Summary The nucleoside transport activity of human placental syncytiotrophoblast brush-border and basal membrane vesicles was compared. Adenosine and uridine were taken up into an osmotically active space. Adenosine was rapidly metabolized to inosine, metabolism was blocked by preincubating vesicles with 2′-deoxycoformycin, and subsequent adenosine uptake studies were performed in the presence of 2′-deoxycoformycin. Adenosine influx by brush-border membrane vesicles was fitted to a two-component system consisting of a saturable system with apparent Michaelis-Menten kinetics (apparentK m approx. 150 μm) and a linear component. Adenosine uptake by the saturable system was blocked by nitrobenzylthioinosine (NBMPR), dilazep, dipyridamole and other nucleosides. Inhibition by NBMPR was associated with high-affinity binding of NBMPR to the brush-border membrane vesicles (apparentK d 0.98±0.21nm). Binding of NBMPR to these sites was blocked by adenosine, inosine, uridine, thymidine, dilazep and dipyridamole, and the respective apparentK i values were 0.23±0.012, 0.36±0.035, 0.78±0.1, 0.70±0.12 (mm), and 0.12 and 4.2±1.4 (nm). In contrast, adenosine influx by basal membrane vesicles was low (less than 10% of the rate observed with brush-border membrane vesicles under similar conditions), and hence no quantitative studies of adenosine uptake could be performed with these vesicles. Nevertheless, high-affinity NBMPR binding sites were demonstrated in basal membrane vesicles with similar properties to those in brushborder membrane vesicles (apparentK d 1.05±0.13nM and apparentK i values for adenosine, inosine, uridine, thymidine, dilazep and dipyridamole of 0.14±0.045, 0.54±0.046, 1.26±0.20, 1.09±0.18mm and 0.14 and 3.7±0.5nm, respectively). Exposure of both membrane vesicles to UV light in the presence of [3H]NBMPR resulted in covalent labeling of a membrane protein(s) with a broad apparentM r on SDS gel electropherograms of 77,000–45,000, similar to that previously reported for many other tissues, including human erythrocytes. We conclude that the maternal (brush-border) and fetal (basal) surface of the human placental syncytiotrophoblast posses broad-specificity, facilitated-diffusion, NBMPR-sensitive nucleoside transporters.
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