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  • 1
    Keywords: CANCER ; tumor ; Germany ; MODEL ; THERAPY ; INFORMATION ; LUNG-CANCER ; DISEASE ; EPIDEMIOLOGY ; HISTORY ; incidence ; MORTALITY ; POPULATION ; RISK ; TUMORS ; PATIENT ; FAMILY ; prognosis ; RISK-FACTORS ; SUSCEPTIBILITY ; BREAST ; DECREASE ; NUMBER ; AGE ; etiology ; risk factors ; RISK FACTOR ; RECURRENCE ; case-control studies ; CHILDREN ; PREDICTORS ; SARCOMA ; HEART-DISEASE ; AGENT ; ONCOLOGY ; PERSISTENT ; case-control study ; CHILDHOOD ; DISTRESS ; Ewing's sarcoma ; osteosarcoma
    Abstract: This case-control study investigates etiologically important factors for juvenile osteosarcomas and possible reasons for the relative scarcity of their incidence in the population. Information on a variety of risk factors, psychosocial factors, and factors possibly occurring in early childhood was obtained by interviewing 88 patients (ages 8-25 years) with osteosarcoma, Ewing's sarcomas and other bone tumors, and three age- and sex-matched control groups (hospital, neighbour and family controls), and their mothers. For both sexes, children's diseases in their history, which increased the risk were measles (RR = 1.56, not significant) and mumps (RR = 1.81, 95% Cl = 1.05-3.13), whereas clinically apparent chickenpox was associated with a significant decrease for bone tumors (RR = 0.46, 95% Cl = 0.26-0.8). Dermal and respiratory allergies (without hay fever) were also inversely associated with bone tumors. Breast feeding for longer than 2 months was associated with low risk for bone tumors for boys, whereas for girls, paternal age was a risk factor; remaining stable in a multivariate model (RR = 2.36, 95% CI = 0.90-6.21). A change in the presence of an emotionally significant person or changes of residence were risk factors both in univariate and multivariate analyses. The strongest and most persistent risk factor was difficulties in school, indicative of emotional disturbances (RR 2.58, 95% Q = 1.39-4.78). Considering such host factors as possibly . important modifiers of risk in addition to exogenous carcinogenic agents, these factors were consistent and statistically significant for both sexes and despite the small numbers recruited for this study, thus predicting susceptibility. The factors may become relevant for preventive psychotherapy applied to susceptible persons for improvement of prognosis after surgical therapy in preventing recurrences. (C) 2004 International Society for Preventive Oncology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 15225895
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1569-8041
    Keywords: chemotherapy ; cisplatin ; ifosfamide ; intraarterial therapy ; osteosarcoma
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Background: In an effort to intensify osteosarcoma therapy, systemic ifosfamide was added pre- and postoperatively to an already aggressive three-drug regimen. In a subgroup of patients, loco-regional treatment intensification was attempted by using the intraarterial route to give cisplatin. Patients and methods: Patients ≤40 years at diagnosis of a localised, de novo high-grade central extremity osteosarcoma were eligible for inclusion into study COSS-86 if registered within three weeks from biopsy. Doxorubicin, high-dose methotrexate, and cisplatin were given to all patients. Patients who fulfilled one or more of three defined high-risk criteria received early systemic treatment intensification by adding ifosfamide as the fourth agent. Preoperatively, these high-risk patients received cisplatin either intraarterially or intravenously. Results: 171 eligible patients were entered, of which 128 were stratified into the high-risk group. When all 171 were analysed by intention-to-treat, actuarial overall and event-free survival rates at ten years were 72% and 66%, respectively. No benefit of intraarterial cisplatin application was detected. Cumulative treatment toxicity was considerable. Conclusions: In a multicenter setting, intensive treatment of osteosarcoma according to protocol COSS-86 led to long-term disease-free survival for two thirds of patients. We saw no benefit of using the intraarterial route to administer cisplatin.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2012-04-13
    Description: Understanding the molecular and cellular mechanisms that mediate magnetosensation in vertebrates is a formidable scientific problem. One hypothesis is that magnetic information is transduced into neuronal impulses by using a magnetite-based magnetoreceptor. Previous studies claim to have identified a magnetic sense system in the pigeon, common to avian species, which consists of magnetite-containing trigeminal afferents located at six specific loci in the rostral subepidermis of the beak. These studies have been widely accepted in the field and heavily relied upon by both behavioural biologists and physicists. Here we show that clusters of iron-rich cells in the rostro-medial upper beak of the pigeon Columbia livia are macrophages, not magnetosensitive neurons. Our systematic characterization of the pigeon upper beak identified iron-rich cells in the stratum laxum of the subepidermis, the basal region of the respiratory epithelium and the apex of feather follicles. Using a three-dimensional blueprint of the pigeon beak created by magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography, we mapped the location of iron-rich cells, revealing unexpected variation in their distribution and number--an observation that is inconsistent with a role in magnetic sensation. Ultrastructure analysis of these cells, which are not unique to the beak, showed that their subcellular architecture includes ferritin-like granules, siderosomes, haemosiderin and filopodia, characteristics of iron-rich macrophages. Our conclusion that these cells are macrophages and not magnetosensitive neurons is supported by immunohistological studies showing co-localization with the antigen-presenting molecule major histocompatibility complex class II. Our work necessitates a renewed search for the true magnetite-dependent magnetoreceptor in birds.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Treiber, Christoph Daniel -- Salzer, Marion Claudia -- Riegler, Johannes -- Edelman, Nathaniel -- Sugar, Cristina -- Breuss, Martin -- Pichler, Paul -- Cadiou, Herve -- Saunders, Martin -- Lythgoe, Mark -- Shaw, Jeremy -- Keays, David Anthony -- England -- Nature. 2012 Apr 11;484(7394):367-70. doi: 10.1038/nature11046.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Institute of Molecular Pathology, Dr Bohr-Gasse, 1030 Vienna, Austria.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22495303" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animal Migration ; Animals ; Beak/anatomy & histology/*cytology ; Columbidae/*anatomy & histology/physiology ; Feathers/cytology/ultrastructure ; Ferrocyanides/analysis ; Immunohistochemistry ; Iron/analysis/*metabolism ; Macrophages/*metabolism/ultrastructure ; *Magnetic Fields ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; Neurons/metabolism ; Orientation ; Respiratory Mucosa/cytology/ultrastructure ; *Sensation ; Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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