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  • Aluminophosphate molecular sieves  (1)
  • Polybia  (1)
  • isomerization of 1-butene  (1)
  • prey capture  (1)
  • 1990-1994  (2)
  • 1990-1994  (2)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1420-9098
    Keywords: Hymenoptera ; social wasps ; Polybia ; prey capture
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Polybia sericea (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) prey foraging was studied by following individual foragers as they hunted in the field, by observing how wasps handled prey once they had captured it, and by observing wasps as they returned to the nest with prey. Wasps were most likely to forage for prey between 0700 and 1300 hours and between 1600 and 1700 hours. The prey foraging sequence consisted of the behaviours high flight, search, touch, land, groom, walk, bite and malaxate. Captured small prey were malaxated and carried to the nest. Wasps removed the gut from large prey and dragged the meat up a twig or grass stem. A load of the meat was then bitten off and malaxated; the remainder was cached while the wasp made an orientation flight and returned to the nest. The forager returned within minutes for the remainder of the prey. Experiments demonstrated that caching the prey remains above the ground rather than close to the ground, where the prey are generally captured, reduces the chance that the prey will be found and expropriated by ants.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1572-879X
    Keywords: Aluminophosphate molecular sieves ; Si and/or Mn modification ; isomerization of 1-butene
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract Molecular sieve AlPO4-31 and substituted analogues (MnAPO-31,SAPO-31, MnAPSO-31) have been tested for their catalytic properties in the isomerization of 1-butene over 6 h time on stream at 743 K. The conversion of 1-butene proceeds selectively by either double bond or skeletal isomerization. MnAPSO-31 with a molar MnO/P2O5 ratio adjusted to 0.01 yields the highest percentage of isobutene whereas the parent AlPO4-31 leads almost completely to a double bond shift with only minor skeletal isomerization. The results are related to the acidity characteristics that were determined by ammonia thermodesorption. Deactivation is accompanied by a loss of selectivity for the skeletal isomerization.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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