sheet metal stamping
Numerical Methods and Modeling
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
The paper presents a general method of large strain determination over the deformed surface of a sheet metal stamping. It is demonstrated that the conventional degenerated shell element with two normal rotation degrees of freedom is not suitable for large deformation, especially when large element rotation is present. This inaccuracy is primarily caused by the fact that the displacement field description used in the degenerated shell element is only a first-order approximation with respect to the two rotation degrees of freedom, and is therefore suitable only for small rotation angles. The new method presented in this paper replaces the two rotation DOFs with three new degrees of freedom to describe the rotation of the surface normal so that the element deformation can be accurately described with no limitation on the amount of deformation and rotation involved. The advantages of this new method are: (i) a linear and accurate expression of the displacement field in terms of nodal DOFs is obtained; (ii) the formulation is easily incorporated into any existing degenerated shell elements; (iii) the strain calculation is accurate for any amount of element rigid body rotation; (iv) if the method is used in surface grid analysis, the algorithm will not only provide correct surface strains, but also their variation through the thickness direction, i.e. the bending deformation. © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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