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  • Cell & Developmental Biology  (2)
  • tracer diffusion coefficient  (1)
  • Wiley-Blackwell  (3)
  • 1990-1994  (3)
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  • Wiley-Blackwell  (3)
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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Bognor Regis [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0887-6266
    Keywords: physical aging ; tracer diffusion coefficient ; camphorquinone ; polysulfone ; Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: The effect of physical aging on the tracer diffusion coefficient D of camphorquinone in polysulfone is investigated. It is shown that if the sample is sufficiently annealed and physical aging is nearly complete, the temperature dependence of D will reflect the primary α-relaxation process of the host polymer. In the temperature range between Tg (=185°C) and 165°C, D is found to be a function of time, and the time dependence of D is given by D = At-μ, with μ approximately equal to unity. © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1040-452X
    Keywords: tPA ; Cortical granule reaction ; Sperm penetration ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: The resumption of meiosis results in synthesis of tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) in the rat and mouse oocytes (Haurte et al., Cell 43:551-558, 1985). The present study demonstrates that freshly ovulated rat oocytes released their tPA into the surrounding medium upon in vitro activation by sperm penetration or treatment with a calcium ionophore. The presence of a neutralizing monoclonal anti-tPA antibody during in vitro activation by the calcium ionophore inhibited the activation-induced zona hardening and also preserved the ability of the oocyte to be penetrated by sperm subsequent to activation. Rat oocytes undergo zona hardening during in vitro maturation in the absence of serum, presumably as a result of spontaneous cortical granule release, based on findings in mice and hamsters. In the present study, the anti-tPA antibody prevented the zona hardening and enhanced partition by spermatozoa of rat oocytes that were matured in vitro without serum. Collectively, the observations reported here suggest a possible role of tPA released during the cortical granule reaction in the zona reaction, which contributes to the block to polyspermy.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1040-452X
    Keywords: Zonae pellucidae ; Trypsin inhibitor ; β-Mercaptoethanol ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: The present study confirms that zonae pellucidae of rat oocytes became resistant to chymotrypsin digestion (zona hardening) after undergoing in vitro maturation (IVM) in a serum-free medium. However, zona hardening and did not occur when empty zonae without oocytes were cultured in the same IVM conditions, suggesting that oocyte-derived factor(s) is responsible for zona hardening in oocytes matured in the serum-free medium. Zona hardening occurred primarily after dictyate oocytes were cultured for 6-8 hours in the IVM medium without serum. Zona hardening could be prevented or alleviated if oocytes were cultured in the IVM medium containing bovine foetal calf serum, a soybean trypsin inhibitor, or β-mercaptoethanol, and in vitro fertilization rates for such oocytes were normal. Possible mechanisms of the phenomenon of zona hardening in oocytes matured in serum-free conditions are discussed in relation to its possible relevance to the cortical reaction and the physiological block to polyspermy.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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