Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Abstract: Hyper- but not normoglycemic cats exposed to 8 min of anoxia show neurologic signs (fasciculations, myoclonic jerks, seizures) that develop after a symptom-free period. We examined brain mitochondrial function and metabolite concentrations at 0, 1, 3, and 5 h following exposure to anoxia, to correlate biochemical findings with the presence (“symptomatic”) or absence (“presymptomatic”) of neurologic signs. Brain mitochondria isolated postexposure only from symptomatic cats showed markedly decreased (-50%), state 3 (ADP-stimulated), and uncoupler-stimulated respiration rates with NAD- and FAD-linked substrates. Respiratory control and ADP/oxygen (ADP/O) ratios remained unchanged, indicating, respectively, that coupling and efficiency of ATP synthesis were preserved. Thus, inhibition of electron transport chain function, not phosphorylative activity, may be rate limiting for respiration. During anoxia, hyperglycemic cats showed higher brain lactate levels (26 versus 20 μmol/g), but similar ATP and phosphocreatine concentrations, compared with normoglycemic cats. After exposure, in all animals lactate and phosphocreatine were restored to control levels, whereas ATP remained at 85%. Cats that became symptomatic demonstrated four- to sixfold increases in lactate and 50% reductions in phosphocreatine. At 3 and 5 h postexposure, symptomatic animals showed significant reductions in ATP concentrations. We conclude that although initially asymptomatic, hyperglycemic cats exposed to anoxia undergo a neurologic deterioration over several hours following reoxygenation that is correlated with inhibition of mitochondrial respiration, increases in tissue lactate, and decreases in energy state.
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