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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-04-23
    Description: Shallow Radar soundings from the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter reveal a buried deposit of carbon dioxide (CO(2)) ice within the south polar layered deposits of Mars with a volume of 9500 to 12,500 cubic kilometers, about 30 times that previously estimated for the south pole residual cap. The deposit occurs within a stratigraphic unit that is uniquely marked by collapse features and other evidence of interior CO(2) volatile release. If released into the atmosphere at times of high obliquity, the CO(2) reservoir would increase the atmospheric mass by up to 80%, leading to more frequent and intense dust storms and to more regions where liquid water could persist without boiling.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Phillips, Roger J -- Davis, Brian J -- Tanaka, Kenneth L -- Byrne, Shane -- Mellon, Michael T -- Putzig, Nathaniel E -- Haberle, Robert M -- Kahre, Melinda A -- Campbell, Bruce A -- Carter, Lynn M -- Smith, Isaac B -- Holt, John W -- Smrekar, Suzanne E -- Nunes, Daniel C -- Plaut, Jeffrey J -- Egan, Anthony F -- Titus, Timothy N -- Seu, Roberto -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2011 May 13;332(6031):838-41. doi: 10.1126/science.1203091. Epub 2011 Apr 21.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Planetary Science Directorate, Southwest Research Institute, Boulder, CO 80302, USA. roger@boulder.swri.edu〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21512003" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Atmosphere ; Carbon Dioxide ; Cold Temperature ; *Dry Ice ; Extraterrestrial Environment ; Ice ; *Mars ; Water
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-03-09
    Description: Outflow channels on Mars are interpreted as the product of gigantic floods due to the catastrophic eruption of groundwater that may also have initiated episodes of climate change. Marte Vallis, the largest of the young martian outflow channels (〈500 million years old), is embayed by lava flows that hinder detailed studies and comparisons with older channel systems. Understanding Marte Vallis is essential to our assessment of recent Mars hydrologic activity during a period otherwise considered to be cold and dry. Using data from the Shallow Radar sounder on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, we present a three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of buried channels on Mars and provide estimates of paleohydrologic parameters. Our work shows that Cerberus Fossae provided the waters that carved Marte Vallis, and it extended an additional 180 kilometers to the east before the emplacement of the younger lava flows. We identified two stages of channel incision and determined that channel depths were more than twice those of previous estimates.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Morgan, Gareth A -- Campbell, Bruce A -- Carter, Lynn M -- Plaut, Jeffrey J -- Phillips, Roger J -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2013 May 3;340(6132):607-10. doi: 10.1126/science.1234787. Epub 2013 Mar 7.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Center for Earth and Planetary Studies, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, USA. morganga@si.edu〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23470730" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Extraterrestrial Environment ; Floods ; *Mars ; Radar ; *Water
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: Gas chromatography ; Multidimensional ; Deans switching ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The power of capillary gas chromatography can be enhanced by selective fractionation of the sample. One way of doing this is heart cutting from a packed gas chromatographic column. This paper describes modification of a commercial instrument for such separations. Components of the system include an automated Deans switch and an electrically heated trap. The benefits of this arrangement are illustrated with chromatograms of naphtha, urinary aromatic acids, and wine volatiles.
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: Gas chromatography ; Column technology ; Simulated distillation ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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