tumor necrosis factor
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Summary Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the active principle of certain endotoxins, protein-free perfused in rat hearts leads in 3 h to a considerable loss of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity. In the presence of albumin LPS has virtually no effect. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) added instead of LPS had no effects on LPL activity during 3 hin vitro perfusion. LPS injected into rats intravenously leads within 3 h to severe toxic phenomena amongst which increased capillary permeability. This was visualized as increased rate of interstitial fluid formation in Langendorff hearts mounted 3 h after rats had been treated with LPS. LPL activity did not decline in 3 h lasting endotoxemia. Six hours after LPS injection, however, cardiac LPL activity was considerably lowered, although immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry still showed LPL protein to be present. These date indicate the presence of a considerable pool of inactive LPL protein in addition to active LPL, that can be released in the presence of heparin. The LPL activity is lowered by LPS injection after a lag phase of at least 3 h, while capillary endothelial cells are influenced more rapidly. The relatively late expression of TNF toxicity in cardiomyocytes of the intact heart is discussed.
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