gas oil hydrotreating
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract Three series of Co/NaY, Mo/NaY and CoMo/NaY zeolite catalysts with variable metal content, prepared by a conventional impregnation method, were characterized by XRD, IR spectroscopy (oxide state) and acidity measurements (sulfide state), and tested in hydrodesulfurization (HDS) of gas oil at high pressure in the temperature range 275–350°C. The combined results of surface area, XRD and IR showed that in the catalysts with high metal loading a small loss in crystallinity and a partial blockage of the zeolite supercages were produced by Mo oxide species. The number of acid sites, which was lower for the Co/NaY than for the Mo/NaY catalysts, increased with increasing Co or Mo loading, but the strength of the acid sites was stronger for the Co/NaY series. HDS specific activities of the Co/NaY and Mo/NaY monometallic catalysts reached a maximum at very low loadings of Co (∼ 0.10 at. nm−2) or Mo (∼ 0.16 at. nm−2) by the double action of the metal sulfide species and the strong acid sites generated on the zeolite by the Co or Mo incorporation. In the binary CoMo/NaY catalysts, the synergy between Co and Mo species was significant for high Mo contents only.
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