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  • Articles  (3)
  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    College Park, Md. : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 107 (1997), S. 3417-3427 
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: By using simple mode coupling equations, we investigate the depolarized light scattering spectra of two so-called "fragile" glassforming liquids, salol (phenylsalicylate) and CKN (Ca0.4K0.6(NO3)1.4), measured by Cummins and co-workers. Nonlinear integrodifferential equations for the time evolution of the density-fluctuations autocorrelation functions are the basic input of the mode coupling theory. Restricting ourselves to a small set of such equations, we fit the numerical solution to the experimental spectra. It leads to a good agreement between model and experiment, which allows us to determine how a real system explores the parameter space of the model, but it also leads to unrealistic effective vertices in a temperature range where the theory makes critical asymptotic predictions. We finally discuss the relevance and the range of validity of these universal asymptotic predictions when applied to experimental data on supercooled liquids. © 1997 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    College Park, Md. : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 115 (2001), S. 11289-11298 
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: We present a theoretical study of the phase diagram and the structure of a fluid adsorbed in high-porosity aerogels by means of an integral-equation approach combined with the replica formalism. To simulate a realistic gel environment, we use an aerogel structure factor obtained from an off-lattice diffusion-limited cluster–cluster aggregation process. The predictions of the theory are in qualitative agreement with the experimental results, showing a substantial narrowing of the gas–liquid coexistence curve (compared to that of the bulk fluid), associated with weak changes in the critical density and temperature. The influence of the aerogel structure (nontrivial short-range correlations due to connectedness, long-range fractal behavior of the silica strands) is shown to be important at low fluid densities. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    College Park, Md. : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 117 (2002), S. 2161-2171 
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: We propose a detailed investigation of the schematic mode-coupling approach to experimental data, a method based on the use of simple mode-coupling equations to analyze the dynamics of supercooled liquids. Our aim here is to clarify different aspects of this approach that appeared so far uncontrolled or arbitrary, and to validate the results obtained from previous works. Analyzing the theoretical foundations of the approach, we first identify the parameters of the theory playing a key role and obtain simple requirements to be met by a schematic model for its use in this context. Then we compare the results obtained from the schematic analysis of a given set of experimental data with a variety of models and show that they are all perfectly consistent. A number of potential biases in the method are identified and ruled out by the choice of appropriate models. Finally, reference spectra computed from the mode-coupling theory for a model simple liquid are analyzed along the same lines as experimental data, allowing us to show that, despite the strong simplification in the description of the dynamics it involves, the method is free from spurious artifacts and provides accurate estimates of important parameters of the theory. The only exception is the exponent parameter, the evaluation of which is hindered, as for other methods, by corrections to the asymptotic laws of the theory present when the dynamics is known only in a limited time or frequency range. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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