Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The progressive periodate oxidation of glycosaminoglycans (GAG), including hyaluronate (HA), chondroitins (CH) (chondroitin, chondroitin 4- and 6-sulfate), dermatan sulfate (DS), and keratan sulfate (KS), were monitored by CD and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) using a size-exclusion column. The rate of oxidation also was measured and calculated using first- and second-order kinetics, and the data appear to fit better with first-order kinetics. In both HA and CH, the n - π* amide band at 208 nm decreases in intensity upon oxidation, but in HA it becomes positive after 16 h of periodate treatment. In CH, the band disappears, and the π - π* amide band below 200 nm becomes optically active. Concomitantly, a second negative band near 290 nm appears for these two oxidized GAG. Oxidation causes a slight change in the CD of DS. It ordinarily displays a very weak n - π* band at 210 nm, but instead shows an intense π - π* amide band near 190 nm. CD of KS remains unaffected by periodate. Kinetic studies, however, show a higher oxidation rate for DS than HA and CH. With the exception of KS, all other oxidized polymers shown an apparent decrease in molecular weight (higher peak retention time) in HPLC analysis. Both CD and HPLC results have been attributed to a major conformational cahange of HA and CH, and a minor one for DS. The ease and extent of periodate oxidation as well as the changes in molecular properties following periodate treatmenat are critically dependent on the changes in molecular properties following periodate treatment are critically dependent on the configuration of the individual GAG rather than the oxidation rate. There is a distinct difference in the conformational change between HA and CH, as manifested by their dichroic behavior, that was attributed to the equatorial disposition of C-4 hydroxyl group in HA and axial disposition CH.
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