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  • DKFZ Publication Database  (3)
  • 1
    Keywords: EXPRESSION ; IN-VITRO ; INVASION ; Germany ; VITRO ; GENE ; GENES ; PROTEIN ; PROTEINS ; COMPLEX ; COMPLEXES ; MECHANISM ; mechanisms ; ASSOCIATION ; MATURATION ; antibodies ; antibody ; CLEAVAGE ; ESCHERICHIA-COLI ; REGION ; PURIFICATION ; FRAGMENTS ; INTERACTS ; COMPLEX-FORMATION ; PRODUCTS ; MALARIA PARASITE ; function ; PRECURSOR ; MEROZOITE SURFACE PROTEIN-1 ; VACCINE CANDIDATE
    Abstract: Merozoites of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum expose at their surface a large multiprotein complex, composed of proteolytically processed, noncovalently associated products of at least three genes, msp-1, msp-6, and msp-7. During invasion of erythrocytes, this complex is shed from the surface except for a small glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored portion originating from MSP-1. The proteolytic cleavage separating the C-terminal portion of MSP-1 is required for successful invasion. Little is known about the structure and function of the abundant and essential multipartite complex. Using heterologously produced MSP-1, MSP-6, and MSP-7 in precursor and with the exception of MSP-7 in processed form, we have studied in vitro the complex formation between the different proteins to identify the interaction partners within the complex. Both MSP-6(36) and MSP-7 bind only to MSP-1 subunits that are shed, but although MSP-636 contacts just subunit p38, MSP-7 interacts with p83, p30, and p38. The intact C-terminal region of MSP-6 is required for the association with p38 as well as for its multimerization into tetramers. Furthermore, our data suggest that only the processed form and not the precursor form of MSP-1 interacts with MSP-636. MSP-6-as well as MSP-7-specific rabbit antibodies inhibit parasite multiplication in vitro as shown previously for antibodies directed against MSP-1. Our findings raise interesting questions with regard to proteolysis-mediated mechanisms of maturation of the MSP-1-MSP-6-MSP-7 complex and to the mode by which antibodies directed against this complex interfere with parasite multiplication
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 16940297
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  • 2
    Keywords: RECEPTOR ; CANCER ; CELLS ; ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; Germany ; IN-VIVO ; VIVO ; liver ; GENE ; GENE-EXPRESSION ; DIFFERENTIATION ; ACTIVATION ; CUTTING EDGE ; INFECTION ; INDUCTION ; DENDRITIC CELLS ; T-CELLS ; TOLERANCE ; bone marrow ; BONE-MARROW ; STIMULATION ; MOUSE ; DELIVERY ; CLONAL EXPANSION ; VIRAL-INFECTION ; CROSS-PRESENTATION ; endothelial cells ; EFFECTOR FUNCTION ; RIG-I ; T cell immunity ; HEPATITIS-B VIRUS ; MURINE CYTOMEGALOVIRUS-INFECTION ; TOLEROGENIC DENDRITIC CELLS
    Abstract: BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dendritic cell activation through ligation of pattern recognition receptors leading to full functional maturation causes induction of CD8(+) T-cell immunity through increased delivery of costimulatory signals instead of tolerance. Here we investigate whether organ-resident antigen-presenting cells, such as liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs), also switch from tolerogenic to immunogenic CD8(+) T-cell activation upon such stimulation. METHODS: Murine LSECs were isolated by immunomagnetic separation and analyzed for functional maturation upon triggering pattern recognition receptors or viral infection employing gene expression analysis and T cell coculture assays. In vivo relevance of the findings was confirmed with bone-marrow chimeric animals. RESULTS: LSECs expressed numerous pattern recognition receptors that allowed for sentinel function, but ligand-induced activation of these receptors was not sufficient to overcome tolerance induction of CD8(+) T cells. Importantly, viral infection with murine cytomegalovirus caused functional maturation of antigen-presenting LSECs and was sufficient to promote antigen-specific differentiation into effector CD8(+) T cells in the absence of dendritic cells and independent of CD80/86. CONCLUSIONS: These results shed new light on the generation of organ-specific immunity and may contribute to overcoming tolerance in relevant situations, such as cancer
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 19737567
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  • 3
    Abstract: AIMS: Left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC) is caused by mutations in multiple genes. It is still unclear whether LVNC is the primary determinant of cardiomyopathy or rather a secondary phenomenon with intrinsic cardiomyocyte dysfunction being the actual cause of the disease. Here, we describe a family with LVNC due to a novel missense mutation, pE96K, in the cardiac troponin T gene (TNNT2). METHODS AND RESULTS: The novel mutation was identified in the index patient and all affected relatives, but not in 430 healthy control individuals. Mutations in known LVNC-associated genes were excluded. To investigate the pathophysiological implications of the mutation, we generated transgenic mice expressing human wild-type cTNT (hcTNT) or a human troponin T harbouring the pE96K mutation (mut cTNT). Animals were characterized by echocardiography, histology, and gene expression analysis. Mut cTNT mice displayed an impaired left ventricular function and induction of marker genes of heart failure. Remarkably, left ventricular non-compaction was not observed. CONCLUSION: Familial co-segregation and the cardiomyopathy phenotype of mut cTNT mice strongly support a causal relationship of the pE96K mutation and disease in our index patient. In addition, our data suggest that a non-compaction phenotype is not required for the development of cardiomyopathy in this specific TNNT2 mutation leading to LVNC.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 20083571
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