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  • 1
    Keywords: APOPTOSIS ; CANCER ; CANCER CELLS ; CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; INHIBITOR ; carcinoma ; CELL ; Germany ; INHIBITION ; THERAPY ; LUNG-CANCER ; GENE ; PROTEIN ; SAMPLE ; SAMPLES ; TISSUE ; kidney ; FAMILY ; tumour ; ALPHA ; TARGET ; ISOFORM ; immunohistochemistry ; DIFFERENCE ; resistance ; CANCER-CELLS ; BETA ; STRATEGIES ; IMMUNOTHERAPY ; NORMAL TISSUE ; sensitivity ; OVEREXPRESSION ; CANCER-THERAPY ; protein expression ; TRANSCRIPTS ; CELL CARCINOMA ; renal cell carcinoma ; ONCOLOGY ; ADULT ; RE ; THERAPIES ; INCREASE ; cancer therapy ; REAL-TIME ; SURVIVIN ; NUCLEAR ; ML-IAP ; inhibitor of apoptosis ; apoptotic ; quantitative ; livin/ML-IAP ; APOPTOSIS PROTEIN ; CYTOPLASM ; tumour therapy ; Livin/ML-IAP/KIAP ; MELANOMA INHIBITOR
    Abstract: The antiapoptotic Livin/ML-IAP gene has recently gained much attention as a potential new target for cancer therapy. Reports indicating that livin is expressed almost exclusively in tumours, but not in the corresponding normal tissue, suggested that the targeted inhibition of livin may present a novel tumour-specific therapeutic strategy. Here, we compared the expression of livin in renal cell carcinoma and in non-tumorous adult kidney tissue by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR, immunoblotting, and immunohistochemistry. We found that livin expression was significantly increased in tumours (P=0.0077), but was also clearly detectable in non-tumorous adult kidney. Transcripts encoding Livin isoforms alpha and beta were found in both renal cell carcinoma and normal tissue, without obvious qualitative differences. Livin protein in renal cell carcinoma samples exhibited cytoplasmic and/or nuclear staining. In non-tumorous kidney tissue, Livin protein expression was only detectable in specific cell types and restricted to the cytoplasm. Thus, whereas the relative overexpression of livin in renal cell carcinoma indicates that it may still represent a therapeutic target to increase the apoptotic sensitivity of kidney cancer cells, this strategy is likely to be not tumour-specific
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 17968430
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  • 2
    Keywords: ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC-LEUKEMIA, AGE, analysis, APOPTOSIS, apoptosis inhibitor, ASSOCIATION, CANCER, ca
    Abstract: To assess the protein expression of Livin, an apoptosis inhibitor, in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and to determine its prognostic relevance. Immunohistochemical staining for Livin was performed in tissue microarrays (TMAs), including tumour tissue cores, from patients with RCC who had undergone renal surgery. In 682 TMAs cytoplasmatic staining intensity and nuclear staining quantity were evaluated, and the association of Livin expression with progression-free survival (PFS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) was analysed with a multivariate Cox regression model. Over a median (range) follow-up of 5.2 (0-16.1) years, 204 patients (28%) had died from their disease. The CSS rates at 1 and 5 years for the entire cohort was 88% and 71%. Cytoplasmatic Livin staining was absent in 516 (76%) specimens; staining was positive in 166 (24%) specimens. Weak nuclear Livin staining (〈= 25%) was present in 571 (84%) specimens, strong nuclear staining (26-100%) in 111 (16%). In multivariate analysis, high (〉 25%) nuclear Livin expression was a favourable independent predictor of PFS and CSS even after adjusting for tumour stage, Fuhrman grade, age, sex and Karnofsky severity rating. Cytoplasmatic Livin expression did not offer additional prognostic information. High nuclear Livin expression is a favourable independent predictor of PFS and CSS in patients with RCC
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 18990137
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