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  • Articles  (4)
  • Articles: DFG German National Licenses  (4)
  • 2005-2009
  • 1995-1999  (4)
  • Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics  (4)
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  • Articles  (4)
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  • Articles: DFG German National Licenses  (4)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The linear viscoelastic behavior of commercial broad-distribution polypropylenes is studied. The samples underwent different controlled peroxide degradation rates, so they exhibit different molecular distributions. The relaxation spectrum is obtained by assuming that it takes the shape of a Log-Normal distribution. It is in agreement with the linear viscoelasticity theory by providing limiting values, contrary to other models. Moreover, the ratio τw/τn which takes place in this law is very useful to distinguish the synthesis differences of the samples when the Melt Flow Index alone cannot.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Using an integral nonlinear constitutive equation including the Log-Normal relaxation spectrum, the fiber-spinning behavior of commercial polypropylenes is studied. The relaxation spectrum is strongly related to the molecular weight distribution. Moreover, by means of a finite element analysis, simulated stress and velocity profiles are obtained either in isothermal or nonisothermal cases. In the isothermal case, broadening the relaxation spectrum leads to more pronounced curvature of the velocity profile. In the nonisothermal case, the critical draw ratio is sensitive to the mean relaxation time which depends on both average molecular weight and distribution breadth. It is shown that increasing the average relaxation time leads to a less rapid growth of the velocity. Furthermore, this effect is less pronounced when the relaxation spectrum is wider.
    Additional Material: 11 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 58 (1995), S. 1393-1399 
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Thermorheological properties of an incompatible polymer blend of polypropylene inclusions dispersed in a ethylene copolymer matrix were discussed from the emulsion model developed by Palierne. Due to the different rheological behaviors with temperature of the two phases, such a system proved to be a judicious blend in order to consider the special cases of the model applications: (1) the two phases are viscoelastic liquids, (2) the dispersed phase is a solid elastic assimilated to rigid spheres in comparison with viscoelastic liquid behavior of the matrix, and (3) the two phases are elastic solids. At low frequencies, the rheological behavior of the blend was not correctly predicted by the model. So interactions other than hydrodynamics can exist in the intrafacial region, and physical entanglements between the chains of the two constituents leading to topological interactions may be assumed at the interphase. © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: A poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC)/poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) (80/20 w/w) polymer blend was studied by mechanical spectroscopy. Two relaxations can be distinguished: in the glassy state, a very large secondary relaxation in the range of 100 K to 325 K which results from the combination of secondary relaxations of PVC and PMMA; and only one main relaxation at 364 K associated to the glass rubber transition. The relaxation spectrum in the range of the β relaxation has been described by a relaxation time distribution function based upon a Gaussian function and a series-parallel model. The α relaxation was studied by means of a theoretical approach for the nonelastic deformation of polymers. We found that the miscibility of this blend appears to be a function of the observation scale: the PVC/PMMA blend is heterogeneous at the scale of molecular movements involved for the β relaxation process but homogeneous at the scale of the chain segments responsible for the α relaxation dynamics. © 1996 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 15 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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