Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Substitution reactions are an appropriate way to attach chemical functions to polymer chains for improving properties and to diversify the application of polymer materials. The stereoselective substitution of chlorine atoms affords a useful way to plasticize polyvinychloride (PVC) by attaching appropriate plasticizing functions (ester group) such as isooctylthiosalicylate. Thus, the substitution of chlorine atoms of PVC by reactant bearing plasticizing groups was carried out in a continuous mixing apparatus such as a twin screw extruder. This continuous chemical engineering process taking place in the extruder is studied as the function of the residence time distribution (RTD) measured by a UV method. This function combined with the kinetics of the chemical reaction allows to define a new function G as the distribution of the extent of conversion by analogy with the RTD function.
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