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  • 11
    ISSN: 0029-5981
    Keywords: Engineering ; Engineering General
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Mathematics , Technology
    Notes: A multiple-parameter reduced basis technique and a problem-adaptive computational algorithm are presented for the bifurcation and post-buckling analyses of composite plates subjected to combined loadings. The computational algorithm can be conveniently divided into three distinct stages. The first stage is that of determining the stability boundary. The plate is discretized by using displacement finite element models and the analysis region is reduced by exploiting the special symmetries exhibited by the response of the plate. The vector of unknown nodal displacements is expressed as a linear combination of a small number of path derivatives (derivatives of the nodal displacements with respect to path parameters), and a Rayleigh-Ritz technique is used to approximate the finite element equations by a small system of algebraic equations. The reduced equations are used to determine the stability boundary of the plate.In the second stage, a nonllnear solution in the vicinity of the stability boundary is obtained by using a bifurcation buckling mode as a predictor, and a set of reduced equations is generated. In the third stage, the reduced equations are used to trace post-buckling paths corresponding to various combinations of the load parameters.The potential of the proposed approach is discussed and its effectiveness is demonstrated by means of a numerical example of laminated composite plate subjected to combined compressive and shear loadings.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 12
    ISSN: 0029-5981
    Keywords: Engineering ; Engineering General
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Mathematics , Technology
    Notes: A review is given of recent advances in two aspects of the numerical simulation of the buckling and postbuckling responses of composite structures. The first aspect is exploiting non-traditional symmetries exhibited by composite structures; and strategies for reducing the size of the model and the cost of the buckling and postbuckling analyses in the presence of symmetry-breaking conditions (e.g. asymmetry of the material, geometry, and/or loading). The second aspect pertains to the prediction of onset of local delamination in the postbuckling range and accurate determination of transverse shear stresses in the structure. The accuracy and effectiveness of the strategies developed are demonstrated by means of a numerical example.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 13
    ISSN: 0029-5981
    Keywords: Sensitivity ; Non-linear dynamic response ; Viscoplasticity ; Finite elements ; Generalized plane stress ; Engineering ; Engineering General
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Mathematics , Technology
    Notes: A computational procedure is presented for evaluating the sensitivity coefficients of the viscoplastic response of structures subjected to dynamic loading. A state of plane stress is assumed to exist in the structure, a velocity strain-Cauchy stress formulation is used, and the geometric non-linearities arising from large strains are incorporated. The Jaumann rate is used as a frame indifferent stress rate. The material model is chosen to be isothermal viscoplasticity, and an associated flow rule is used with a von Mises effective stress. The equations of motion emanating from a finite element semi-discretization are integrated using an explicit central difference scheme with an implicit stress update. The sensitivity coefficients are evaluated using a direct differentiation approach. Since the domain of integration is the current configuration, the sensitivity coefficients of the spatial derivatives of the shape functions must be included. Numerical results are presented for a thin plate with a central circular cutout subjected to an in-plane compressive loading. The sensitivity coefficients are generated by evaluating the derivatives of the response quantities with respect to Young's modulus, and two of the material parameters characterizing the viscoplastic response. Time histories of the response and sensitivity coefficients, and spatial distributions at selected times are presented.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 14
    ISSN: 0029-5981
    Keywords: Engineering ; Engineering General
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Mathematics , Technology
    Notes: Simple mixed models are developed for the geometrically nonlinear analysis of shells. A total Lagrangian description of the shell deformation is used, and the analytical formulation is based on a form of the nonlinear shallow shell theory with the effects of transverse shear deformation and bending-extensional coupling included. The fundamental unknowns consist of eight stress resultants and five generalized displacements of the shell, and the element characteristic arrays are obtained by using the Hellinger-Reissner mixed variational principle. The polynomial interpolation (or shape) functions used in approximating the stress resultants are, in general, of different degree than those used for approximating the generalized displacements. The stress resultants are discontinuous at the element boundaries and are eliminated on the element level.The equivalence and ‘near-equivalence’ between the mixed models developed herein and displacement models based on reduced/selective integration of both transverse shear and extensional energy terms is discussed. The use of reduction methods in conjunction with the mixed models is outlined and the advantages of mixed models over displacement models are delineated. Analytic expressions are derived for the rigid-body and spurious (or zero energy) models for the various mixed models and their equivalent displacement models. Also, the advantages of mixed models over equivalent displacement models are outlined. Numerical results are presented to demonstrate the high accuracy and effectiveness of the mixed models developed, and to compare their performance with other mixed models reported in the literature.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 15
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Chichester [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0029-5981
    Keywords: Engineering ; Engineering General
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Mathematics , Technology
    Notes: Reduction method and computational procedures are presented for reducing the size of the analysis model and the number of degrees of freedom used in predicting the non-linear response of symmetric anisotropic panels. The two key elements of the method are (a) operator splitting, or decomposition of the characteristic arrays of the finite element model into sums of orthotropic and non-orthotropic contributions, (b) application of a reduction method through the successive use of the finite element method and the classical Rayleigh-Ritz technique. The finite element method is first used to generate a small number of global approximation vectors (or modes). Then the amplitudes of these modes are computed by using the classical Rayleigh-Ritz technique.The global approximation vectors are selected to be those commonly used in single (or multiple) parameter perturbation techniques, namely a non-linear solution corresponding to zero non-orthotropic arrays and a number of its derivatives with respect to an anisotropic tracing parameter (and possibly, to a load or arc-length parameter in the solution space). The size of the analysis model used in generating the global approximation vectors is identical to that of the corresponding orthotropic structure.The effectiveness of the proposed reduction method is demonstrated by means of a numerical example, and its potential for solving quasi-symmetric non-linear problems of anisotropic panels is discussed.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 16
    ISSN: 0020-7608
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 17
    ISSN: 0020-7608
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A solution of the wave equation for the rotational-vibrational motion in diatomic molecules with a new exponential potential function is carried out in detail. The solution gives simple expressions for the wave functions, eigenenergies, and other related spectroscopic constants. With these expressions Franck-Condon factors for the R branches of the A 1∑u--X 1∑g+ band system of Ca2, have been calculated which are in excellent agreement with experiment. Various strengths and weaknesses of the present method are also discussed.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 18
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    International Journal of Quantum Chemistry 22 (1982), S. 1189-1207 
    ISSN: 0020-7608
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A formalism has been developed to treat hydrogen-bonded A - H…B systems within the CNDO/2 and the MINDO/3 methodologies. In this formalism the interactions are divided into three distinct classes; those between (a) two hydrogen-bonded atoms, (b) one hydrogen-bonded and non-hydrogen-bonded atom, and (c) two non-hydrogen-bonded atoms. The last class of interactions is treated solely by the existing CNDO/2 or MINDO/3 method. For A -H…B systems, the core resonance integrals are individually parametrized depending upon the class of the interaction. Three types of A - H…B systems have been thus far parametrized. Nine hydrogen-bonded dimers have been studied using the new formalism and the current CNDO/2 and the MINDO/3 methods. MINDO/3 predicts very large interatomic (A -B) distances for the equilibrium geometry, and relatively small stabilization values for the hydrogen-bond energies. CNDO/2 predicts the reverse. The new formalism for both CNDO/2 and MINDO/3 predicts accurate geometries as well as energies for all nine dimers. The new formalisms are called CNDO/2H and MINDO/3H. A general discussion of the nature of hydrogen bonding as exhibited by CNDO/2H and MINDO/3H is presented.
    Additional Material: 12 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 19
    ISSN: 0360-6384
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 20
    ISSN: 0360-6384
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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