Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
  • Articles  (16)
  • Physical Chemistry  (16)
  • 11
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0538-8066
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Physical Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The pyrolysis of n-propyl allyl sulfide has been studied in static and stirred-flow systems at temperatures between 270 and 400°C. Propene and 2,4,6-triethyl-1,3,5-trithiane were the only reaction products. The order of the reaction was 0.99 ± 0.05 at 377°C. The first-order rate coefficients followed the Arrhenius equation \documentclass{article}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document}$$k{\rm (s}^{- 1} {\rm) = 10}^{{\rm 11}{\rm .52} \pm {\rm 0}{\rm .16}} {\rm exp[(- 157} \pm {\rm 2) kJ/mol/R}T]$$\end{document} The rate coefficients and the product distribution remained unchanged when cyclohexene was used as carrier gas. A molecular mechanism involving a six-centered cyclic transition state is proposed to explain the present results. This mechanism is further supported by the pyrolysis of 4-thia-5-dideutero-1-heptene at 377°C, where only 3-deuteropropene is formed. The kinetic deuterium isotope effect had a value of 2.6 ± 0.3 at this temperature. The results are compared with those obtained in the pyrolysis of n-butyl allyl sulfide previously reported.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 12
    ISSN: 0538-8066
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Physical Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The pyrolysis kinetics of the title compounds has been studied in a stirred-flow reactor over the temperature range 440-530°C and pressures between 5 and 14 torr. Benzyl t-butyl sulfide and phenyl t-butyl ether formed isobutene as product in over 98% yield, together with the corresponding benzyl thiol and phenol. The benzyl thiol decomposes to a large extent into hydrogen sulfide and bibenzyl. In the pyrolysis of phenyl t-butyl sulfide, the hydrocarbon products consisted of 80 ±5% isobutene plus 20% isobutane, while the sulfur containing products were thiophenol and diphenyl disulfide. Order one kinetics was observed for the consumption of the reactants. The first order rate coefficients, based on isobutene production, followed the Arrhenius equations: Benzyl t-butyl sulfide: \documentclass{article}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document}$$k(s^{ - 1}) = 10^{13.82 \pm 0.41} \exp ( - 214 \pm 6{\rm kJ/mol }RT)$$\end{document} Phenyl t-butyl sulfide: \documentclass{article}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document}$$k(s^{ - 1}) = 10^{12.03 \pm 0.39} \exp ( - 188 \pm 6{\rm kJ/mol }RT)$$\end{document} Phenyl t-butyl ether: \documentclass{article}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document}$$k(s^{ - 1}) = 10^{14.30 \pm 0.21} \exp ( - 211 \pm 3{\rm kJ/mol }RT)$$\end{document}For benzyl t-butyl sulfide and phenyl t-butyl ether, the results suggest a unimolecular mechanism involving polar four center cyclic transition states. For phenyl t-butyl sulfide, the t-butyl-sulfur single bond fission mechanism is a parallel, less important process than the complex fission one.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 13
    ISSN: 0538-8066
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Physical Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The pyrolyses of four alkyl allyl sulfides with substituents on the α—C atom of the alkyl moiety have been studied in a stirred-flow system over the temperature range 340-400°C and pressures between 2 and 12 torr. The only products formed are propene and thioaldehydes. The reactions showed first-order kinetics with the rate coefficients following the Arrhenius equations: Chloromethyl allyl sulfide: \documentclass{article}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document}$$ k({\rm s}^{{\rm - 1}}) = 10^{10.74 \pm 0.23} \exp ( - 144 \pm 3){\rm kJ/mol}RT $$\end{document} Cyanomethyl allyl sulfide: \documentclass{article}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document}$$ k({\rm s}^{{\rm - 1}}) = 10^{10.20 \pm 0.19} \exp ( - 129 \pm 2){\rm kJ/mol}RT $$\end{document} 1-cyanoethyl allyl sulfide: \documentclass{article}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document}$$ k({\rm s}^{{\rm - 1}}) = 10^{11.09 \pm 0.18} \exp ( - 141.5 \pm 2.2){\rm kJ/mol}RT $$\end{document} Neopentyl allyl sulfide: \documentclass{article}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document}$$ k({\rm s}^{{\rm - 1}}) = 10^{10.54 \pm 0.24} \exp ( - 144 \pm 3){\rm kJ/mol}RT $$\end{document}The effects of these and other substituents on the reactivity is discussed in relation with the stabilization of a polar six-centered transition state. The results support a non-concerted mechanism where the 1-5 α—H atom shift is assisted by its acidic character.
    Additional Material: 5 Tab.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 14
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0538-8066
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Physical Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: N-t-butylaniline, N-t-butyl-p-anisidine, and N-t-butyl-p-nitroaniline have been pyrolyzed in a stirred-flow reactor at 510-620°C, 8-15 torr total pressure, and 0.5-1.5 s contact time, using toluene as carrier gas. An order one kinetics was observed for the consumption of the amines. The reactions yielded 95 ± 2% isobutene plus the corresponding anilines as reaction products. The rate coefficients followed the Arrhenius equations N-t-butylaniline \documentclass{article}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document}$$ k = 10^{14.19 \pm 0.32} \exp (- 234 \pm 5\,{\rm kJ/mol}\, RT) $$\end{document} N-t-butyl-p-anisidine \documentclass{article}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document}$$ k = 10^{13.05 \pm 0.23} \exp (- 208 \pm 4\,{\rm kJ/mol}\, RT) $$\end{document} N-t-butyl-p-nitroaniline \documentclass{article}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document}$$ k = 10^{13.73 \pm 0.28} \exp (- 235 \pm 6\,{\rm kJ/mol}\, RT) $$\end{document}The results are consistent with an unimolecular elimination of isobutene involving polar four-center cyclic transition states. © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 15
    ISSN: 0894-3230
    Keywords: Organic Chemistry ; Physical Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: The title sulphenamides were pyrolysed in a stirred-flow reactor at temperatures of 310-410°C, pressures of 8-15 Torr and residence times of 0·4-2 s using toluene as the carrier gas. N-(tert-Butylthio)allylamine formed 73 ± 4% isobutene, 23 ± 3% propene and N-allylthiohydroxylamine. The first-order rate coefficients for the formation of isobutene and propene, respectively, followed the Arrhenius equations kC4(s-1) = 1012·52 ± 0·36 exp(-163 ± 5 kJ mol-1 RT) and kC3(s-1) = 1010·99 ± 0·29 exp(-151 ± 4 kJ mol-1 RT) N-(tert-Butylthio)diethylamine gave 97 ± 1% isobutene, 1·9 ± 0·4% isobutane and N,N-diethylthiohydroxylamine. The first-order rate coefficients for isobutene elimination followed the Arrhenius equation k(s-1) = 1013·45 ± 0·24 exp(-164 ± 3 kJ mol-1 RT). The formation of the products is interpreted in terms of an elimination reaction with a unimolecular, four-centered, cyclic transition state. The reactivity of these sulphenamides was found to be much higher than that of previously studied alkyl or aryl tert-butyl sulphides and disulphides.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 16
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Chichester : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Physical Organic Chemistry 4 (1991), S. 579-585 
    ISSN: 0894-3230
    Keywords: Organic Chemistry ; Physical Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: The pyrolysis kinetics of RC6H4SS—t—C4H9 (R=H, p-NO2, p-Cl, p-F) were determined at 390-450°C and 7-15 Torr in a stirred-flow reactor using toluene as carrier gas. The reaction products were 95% isobutene, 5% isobutane and the corresponding RC6H4SSH disulphanes. The first-order rate constants, k (s-1), based on isobutene production, followed the Arrhenius equations: phenyl tert-butyl disulphide, k = 1013.49±0.31 exp (- 182 ± 4 kJ mol-1)(RT)-1; pnitrophenyl tert-butyl disulphide, k = 1013.46 ± 0.32 [exp(- 185 ± 5 kJ mol-1)(RT)-1]; p-chlorophenyl tert-butyl disulphide, k = 1014.44 ± 0.66 [exp(- 196 ± 9 kJ mol-1)(RT)-1; p-fluorophenyl tert-butyl disulphide, k = 1010.80 ± 0.16 exp(- 144.5 ± 2 kJ mol -1)(RT)-1]; The observed reactivities, within the above temperature range, follow the order p—F 〉 H 〉 p—Cl 〉 p—NO2. A four-centre, cuadrupolar cyclic transition state mechanism is proposed for the formation of the isobutene and aryldisulphane products. The optimized ground-state molecular geometries of the reactants were calculated by using the MINDO/3 procedure.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...