AIP Digital Archive
Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
The 16-GeV storage ring PEP has characteristics which enable it to operate in modes with very low emittance and to accommodate very long undulators, producing synchrotron radiation at x-ray wavelengths with extremely high brightness and coherent power. Two beamlines, each illuminated by a 2-m long, 77-mm period undulator magnet, are now operational and others are planned. In parasitic operation during colliding-beam runs at 14.5 GeV, these beamlines provide photons above 10 keV with a peak brightness of about 1016 photons/(s mm2 mrad2 ) within a 0.1% bandwidth. In low-emittance tests at 7.1 GeV, horizontal emittances of about 5 nm rad were measured, which is about the same as that planned for the new third-generation x-ray sources. With a current of 15 mA at 7.1 GeV, the present undulators deliver photon beams from 2.7 to 14 keV with a peak brightness of about 1017 . Higher performance levels are expected with the implementation of longer undulators and shorter period undulators. In the longer term, because of its large circumference and long straight sections, PEP could be further developed to achieve even higher performance levels with an emittance below 1 nm rad, very long undulators and picosecond bunches, resulting in one to two orders of magnitude higher brightness and coherent power.
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