Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Gaseous FCO+ ions from the ionization of mixtures of nitrogen trifluoride and carbon monoxide execute selective and efficient CO-functionalization of the C-H bonds of benzene and toluene and of the N-H bond of ammonia. The occurrence of these carbonylation reactions has been unambiguously ascertained by Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) spectrometry, and the details of the structure and the mechanism of formation of the precursor FCO+ ions have been investigated. FT-ICR experiments show that these ions, structurally assigned as F-C-O+ by collisionally activated dissociation (CAD) spectrometry, arise from the reaction of CO.+ with NF3 and of NF+2 with CO. Combining the latter F+ transfer with the independently observed fluoride-ion abstraction by FCO+ from NF3 results in a catalytic cycle in which gaseous NF+2 ions promote the conversion of carbon monoxide into carbonic difluoride, F2CO, with nitrogen trifluoride as the source of F.
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