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  • Adaptation  (1)
  • Biochemistry  (1)
  • Filament / Intermediaer  (1)
  • epidermal keratin
  • 1
    Call number: 04-ZELL:360a
    Keywords: Cytoplasmic filaments ; Filament / Intermediaer
    Pages: 183 p. : ill.
    ISBN: 1570591202
    Signatur Availability
    04-ZELL:360a departmental collection or stack – please contact the library
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0887-3585
    Keywords: α-keratin ; intermediate filaments ; epidermal keratin ; vimentin ; keratinopathies ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: In intermediate filaments (IF) both epidermal keratin and vimentin molecules have been shown to have an eight residue head to-tail overlap between the rod domains of similarly directed molecules. In the case of the epidermal keratins this region has also been shown to have particular structural/functional significance since it represents a hot-spot for mutations in the four keratinopathies characterized to date. While there is good evidence that this head-to-tail overlap is present in IF containing Type III, IV, and V chains, as well as in the epidermal keratin IF (Ib/IIb), there are no data currently available for the hard α-keratin IF (Ia/IIa). Using a variety of data derived from X-ray diffraction and crosslinking studies, as well as theoretical modeling, it is now possible to demonstrate that the overlap region is not a feature of hard α-keratin IF. Indeed, it is shown that there is a nine residue gap between consecutive parallel molecules in the IF. An explanation for this observation is presented in terms of compensating disulfide bonds that occur both within the IF, and between the IF and the matrix in which the IF are embedded. © 1995 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-2013
    Keywords: Adaptation ; Hypertrophy ; Irradiation ; Myosin heavy chain ; Satellite cells ; Skeletal muscle
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The right extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle of growing male rats was overloaded by ablation of its synergist tibialis anterior (TA) muscle. Four weeks later, the overloaded muscle was heavier and contained larger type IIA, IIX and IIB fibres than either untreated contralateral muscle or control muscle from an untreated animal. The myonuclear-to-myoplasmic volume ratio was maintained in the overloaded muscle. Overloaded EDL muscle, previously subjected to a dose of irradiation sufficient to sterilise satellite cells, and EDL muscle which had been only irradiated, were significantly lighter and contained significantly smaller fibres than controls, though a significant amount of normal EDL muscle growth did occur following either treatment. The myonuclear-to-myoplasmic volume ratio of the irradiated muscles was smaller than in controls. Overloaded muscle, with or without prior irradiation, possessed a smaller proportion of fibres containing IIB myosin heavy chain (MHC) and a larger proportion of fibres containing IIA and IIX MHC; a significant percentage of these fibres coexpressed either type IIA and IIX MHC or type IIX and IIB MHC. Thus in the absence of satellite cell mitosis, muscles of young rats possess a limited capacity for normal growth but not for compensatory hypertrophy. Adaptations in MHC gene expression to chronic overload are completely independent of satellite cell activity.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: Ab initio calculations employing a standard double-zeta basis set augmented with various polarization functions have been used to investigate the lowest energy region of the ground-state potential energy surface of the formamide molecule. Hartree-Fock calculations with only d polarization functions on the nonhydrogen atoms located two stable minima, that with geometry distorted from planarity having slightly lower energy; only one stable minimum with planar structure is found when p polarization functions on the hydrogens are included. In contrast optimizations, which account approximately for the correlation energy using second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation theory consistently favor a single slightly nonplanar minimum energy geometry.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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