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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1076
    Keywords: Partial trisomy 10p ; Malformation-retardation-syndrome ; Inheritance ; Reciprocal translocation, balanced/unbalanced ; Maternal carrier
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Es wird von einer Familie berichtet, in der durch mütterliche balancierte Translokation t(5;10)(p15;p13) eine unbalancierte Chromosomenkonstitution bei zwei Kindern entstand. Mit Hilfe der G-Bandenanalyse wurde sie als Trisomie des distalen Abschnitts des kurzen Armes von Chromosom 10 (p13→pter) identifiziert. Der Vergleich mit 15 Literaturberichten von Trisomie 10p bestätigt das Vorliegen eines charakteristischen Dysmorphiesyndroms.
    Notes: Abstract This is the report of a family in which a balanced translocation in the mother t(5;10)(p15;p13) led to an unbalanced chromosomal constitution in two children. It was identified by G-banding analysis as trisomy of the distal portion of the short arm of chromosome 10 (p13→pter). Comparison with 15 previous reports of trisomy 10p confirms the existence of a characteristic dysmorphic syndrome.
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    European journal of pediatrics 132 (1979), S. 271-276 
    ISSN: 1432-1076
    Keywords: Exostoses ; Benign osteochondromas ; Bone tumors ; Radiation therapy ; Radium-224 ; Thorium X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Exostoses are benign cartilaginous tumors of bone. They can occur naturally or be induced by radiation therapy during the time of skeletal growth. We have observed exostoses in 28 of 218 children given repeated injections of radioactive bone-seeking 224Ra. The younger the age at irradiation, the higher the incidence of exostoses. Boys are more susceptible than girls. To our knowledge, none of these radiation-induced exostoses have become malignant, although 36 of these children have developed bone sarcomas elsewhere in the skeleton.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-072X
    Keywords: Mendelian Streptomycin-Resistance ; Nonmendelian Streptomycin-Resistance ; Chlamydomonas ; 70 S Ribosomes ; Ribosomal Proteins ; Two-Dimensional Gel-Electrophoresis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The pattern of ribosomal proteins in plastids of a nonmendelian streptomycin resistant mutant does not differ from that of wildtype cells when compared by two-dimensional gel-electrophoresis. The protein pattern of a mendelian resistance mutant is changed, however. Since the resistance in this mendelian mutant is probably caused by a change in the ribosomal proteins, the resistance in the nonmendelian mutant must be considered as a change of the ribosomal RNA.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-072X
    Keywords: Methanogenium cariaci ; Methanogenium marisnigri ; Marine methanogenic bacteria ; Ultrastructure ; TaxonomyMethanogenium gen. nov.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract A new genus of marine methanogenic bacteria and two species within this genus are described.Methanogenium is the proposed genus andMethanogenium cariaci the type species. Cells of the type species are Gram-negative, peritrichously flagellated, irregular cocci with a periodic wall surface pattern. Colonies formed by these bacteria are yellow, circular and umbonate with entire edges. The DNA base composition is 52 mol% guanine plus cytosine. Formate or hydrogen and carbon dioxide serve as substrates for growth. Cells ofMethanogenium marisnigri are of similar shape but smaller diameter thanM. cariaci. The colonies ofM. marisnigri are convex, and the DNA base composition is 61 mol % G+C. Formate or hydrogen and carbon dioxide are growth substrates. Sodium chloride is required for growth of both methanogens.
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 272 (1978), S. 188-189 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] A SEARCH for and establishment of any frequency dependent component of Darwinian fitness is often likely to meet frustratingly diverse alternatives of interpretation. O'Donald1 has demonstrated frequency dependence with a model based on a constant female 'preference' parameter for some of our ...
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1365-2222
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Specific IgE-antibodies and haemagglutinins to bee venom were determined in fifty-five bee sting allergic patients, fifty-seven bee keepers and fifty-two blood donors without evident allergy to hymenoptera stings. IgE-antibodies were detected by RAST in 70% of allergic patients, 40% of bee keepers and 12% of blood donors.Most bee keepers with detectable IgE-antibodies to bee venom recorded severe local or even general reactions to bee stings. Most blood donors with detectable specific IgE had been stung by hymenoptera in the past.High titres of haemagglutinating antibodies against phospholipase A were found in most bee keepers, occasionally in bee sting allergic patients but only rarely in blood donors.The determination of specific IgE-antibodies to insect venoms by RAST seems to be a valuable method for the diagnosis of hymenoptera sting allergy.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1573-0581
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
    Notes: Abstract The Tamayo transform fault occurs at the north end of the East Pacific Rise where it enters the Gulf of California. The two deep-tow surveys reported here show that the transform fault zone changes significantly as a function of distance from the spreading center intersections. At site 1, near the intersection, one side of the fault is young and the fault zone is narrow and well-defined. Strike slip occurs in a zone approximately 1-km wide suggesting a correspondingly narrow zone of decoupling between the Pacific and North American plates. On the young side of the strike-slip zone, normal faults occur along shear zones which are 45°–50° oblique to the transform strike. They occur parallel to the short axis of the strain ellipse for transform fault strain here, i.e., perpendicular to the least compressive stress. The transform walls are formed by normal faulting as has been pointed out in previous detailed surveys. Here, however, the age contrast of 2.5 m.y. across the transform valley is apparent in the morphology of the normal fault scarps. While the scarps are steep and well-defined on the young side, the scarps on the older side have gradual 10°–30° slopes and appear to be primarily talus ramps. Apparently, the scarps have been tectonically eroded by continued strike slip activity after the initial stages of normal faulting. Thus, transform valleys should be quite asymmetric in cross-section where there is a significant age contrast and one side is less than approximately 0.5 m.y. old. Also, along older sections of the transform valley walls, normal faulting may not be at all obvious due to degradation of the scarps by tectonic erosion. This phenomenon makes the likelihood of transform faults providing ‘windows’ into the oceanic crust most unlikely except in special cases. The picture of transform deformation is more complex at site 2 in the central portion of the fault where both sides of the fault are greater than 1 m.y. old. Here the transform valley is wider (25–30 km as opposed to 2–5 km). There is no clear simple zone of strike slip tectonics. In fact, the only clear evidence for deformation is the intrusion of magmatic or serpentinite diapirs through the sediments of the transform valley floor. The diapirs have deformed the turbidite layers flooring the valley and in one carefully studied case the turbidite sequence has been uplifted, perched atop the diapir. The pattern of deformation on this outcropping diapir shows radial and concentric fractures which can be modeled by a vertical intrusion circular in plan view. Magnetic studies limit the possible composition to basalt or serpentinite. A 60-km-long median ridge is also likely to be the product of intrusion along the transform fault. The survey at site 2 pointed out the importance of vertical tectonics in the transform valley floor and in particular the importance of diapiric intrusions of either basaltic or serpentinite composition. Based on initial boundary conditions and present tectonic elements in the Tamayo fault zone, a possible history of the mouth of the Gulf of California is outlined. The median ridge was emplaced starting approximately 0.8 m.y. ago by regional extension across the transform fault, the result of ‘leaky’ transform faulting. The diapirs occur along a possible ‘relay’ zone of extension midway along the fault which began approximately 0.15 m.y. ago. The extension in this case is parallel to the trend of the transform fault, is still occurring at present, and may evolve into a true spreading center.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1573-3297
    Keywords: mating activity ; Drosophila persimilis ; chromosomal variants ; homokaryotypes ; heterosis for mating activity ; populational variation in mating activity
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Psychology
    Notes: Abstract Previous tests for mating activity ofDrosophila persimilis homokaryotype KL (Klamath) and MD (Mendocino) chromosomal arrangements (northern California population: Redwoods) had shown KL to mate faster on the average than MD in homogamic tests. A strain (double-cross hybrid of four KL lines from the same population) with reliable high mating activity was developed for testing the sexes separately. Five pairs of KL-MD homokaryotype strains were chosen to be tested by the criterion that each pair had been derived from a separate wild KL/MD progenitor. Strains were crossed within arrangements in a diallelic design (20 inter- and five intrastrain crosses tested in 16 replicates per cross) to provide mating activity indices of four sets: KL females, KL males, MD females, MD males. Mating tests employed ten virgin experimental flies with ten tester (double-cross hybrid) flies of the opposite sex in 30-min observation periods. All flies were matured for 5 days at 25°C before testing. Among parental strains, females were consistently higher in mating activity than males for both KL and MD arrangements. Most interstrain hybrids were heterotic, with KL and MD females not significantly different. However, hybrid MD males displayed greatest variation and had lowest mating activity, while KL males were the least variable and highest in mating activity. With heterosis in the hybrids, there was no predictability (additivity) from performance of parental strains to hybrid offspring. Mating activities of the two sexes were uncorrelated, indicating either that the sexes have independent genetic systems controlling mating activity or that the expression of the same genetic system is influenced by sex. Since the hybrid males of the two karyotypes displayed different courtship activity while the females were at about an equal level of receptivity, intrasexual selection among males is likely to be important in nature.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1573-3297
    Keywords: minority mating advantage ; Drosophila melanogaster ; mating behavior ; male courtship cues ; habituation by female
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Psychology
    Notes: Abstract Alleles at the brown locus ofDrosophila melanogaster combined with homozygous scarlet provide a useful model to demonstrate minority advantage of males in mating. Heterozygotes with orange (O) eyes equal in numbers to homozygotes with red (R) eyes (10∶10 in both sexes) displayed no bias favoring either eye color, but each eye color was favored when males occurred in a minority ratio (2∶18). In direct observation of single females with equal numbers of males (3∶3) as controls,O males courted less and more slowly thanR males, but females mated with either type without bias. When unequal (4∶1), the minority males were successful at more than twice the frequency expected. Whether successful or not, the minority males did not change their level of courtship, and thus cannot be said to compensate for their frequency in any way. The time between first courtship and mating was less for the minority males than for the majority males. We discard the hypothesis that the minority male will be accepted immediately or ahead of a majority male, because the opposite tended to occur: that if a minority male courted first he was less likely to be successful than if he waited until the majority courted. Our results then are in conformity with the hypothesis that a female samples males and their courtship cues, thus becoming habituated to the majority of the first courting male, but she accepts a male with a cue different from that which she originally detected but avoided. That male is most often the minority.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Contributions to the Thermal Behaviour of Sulfates. III. The Behaviour of CdSO4 at High TemperatureThe behaviour of CdSO4 was studied by means of high temperature Guinier photographs in the temperature range of 20 to 960°C. Except N-CdSO4 which is the thermodynamically stable modification at STP, there are 3 high temperature modifications (M, H1 and H2-CdSO4) of which only metastable M-CdSO4 can be obtained kineticly stable at room temperature. The lattice constants and the structure type of H1- and H2-CdSO4 were determined. The structure of H1-CdSO4 is closely related with that of N-CuSO4 but in difference of N-CuSO4 it has a superlattice. H1-CdSO4 crystallizes orthorhombic with a325°C = 17.80 Å, b325°C = 7.35 Å, c325°C = 4.84 Å, Z = 8.H2-CdSO4 crystallizes hexagonal with a850°C = 5.01 Å, c850°C = 7.64 Å, Z = 2 in a modified NaKSO4 structure type (space group P 3m 1) with Cd2+ only in the Na+ positions. The temperatur and sequence of transitions as well as the thermal expansion of N- and M-CdSO4 was determined
    Notes: Mit Heizguinieraufnahmen wurde das Verhalten von CdSO4 im Temperaturbereich von 25-960°C untersucht. Außer der bei Raumtemperatur thermodynamisch stabilen Modifikation (N-CdSO4) existieren 3 Hochtemperaturmodifikationen (M, H1 und H2-CdSO4), von denen nur das metastabile M-CdSO4 bei Raumtemperatur kinetisch stabil zu erhalten ist. Metrik und Strukturtyp von H1- und H2-CdSO4 wurden bestimmt. H1-CdSO4 ist mit N-CuSO4 strukturverwandt, besitzt jedoch eine Überstruktur. Es kristallisiert orthorhombisch mit a325°C = 17,80 Å, b325°C = 7,35 Å, c325°C = 4,84 Å, Z = 8. H2-CdSO4 kristallisiert hexagonal mit a850°C = 5,01 Å, c850°C = 7,64 Å, Z = 2 in einem modifizierten NaKSO4-Typ (RG: P 3m 1); Cd2+ nur auf Na+-Punktlagen. Temperatur und Verlauf der Umwandlungen sowie die thermische Dilatation von N- und M-CdSO4 wurden bestimmt.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
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