Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    350 Main Street , Malden , MA 02148-5018 , USA and 9600 Garsington Road , Oxford OX4 2DQ , UK . : Blackwell Science Inc
    ISSN: 1540-8159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The aim of the study was to compare the specificity of dual chamber ICDs detection algorithms for correct classification of supraventricular tachyarrhythmias derived from clinical studies according to their size to detect an impact of sample size on the specificity. Furthermore, the study sought to compare the specificities of detection algorithms calculated from clinical data with the specificity calculated from simulations of tachyarrhythmias. A survey was conducted of all available sources providing data regarding the specificity of five dual chamber ICDs. The specificity was correlated with the number of patients included, number of episodes, and number of supraventricular tachyarrhythmias recorded. The simulation was performed using tachyarrhythmias recorded in the electrophysiology laboratory. The range of the number of patients included into the studies was 78–1,029, the range of the total number of episodes recorded was 362–5,788, and the range of the number of supraventricular tachyarrhythmias used for calculation of the specificity for correct detection of these arrhythmias was 100 (Biotronik) to 1662 (Medtronic). The specificity for correct detection of supraventricular tachyarrhythmias was 90% (Biotronik), 89% (ELA Medical), 89% (Guidant), 68% (Medtronic), and 76% (St. Jude Medical). There was an inverse correlation (r =−0.9, P = 0.037) between the specificity for correct classification of supraventricular tachyarrhythmias and the number of patients. The specificity for correct detection of supraventricular tachyarrhythmias calculated from the simulation after correction for the clinical prevalence of the simulated tachyarrhythmias was 95% (Biotronik), 99% (ELA Medical), 94% (Guidant), 93% (Medtronic), and 92% (St. Jude Medical). In conclusion, the specificity of ICD detection algorithms calculated from clinical studies or registries may depend on the number of patients studied. Therefore, a direct comparison between different detection algorithms based on clinical data is difficult. In contrast, simulation of supraventricular tachyarrhythmias using a uniform database may be a better tool for direct comparison of the specificity of ICD detection algorithms. (PACE 2004; 27:976–982)
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    350 Main Street , Malden , MA 02148 , USA , and 9600 Garsington Road , Oxford OX4 2DQ , UK . : Blackwell Science Inc
    ISSN: 1542-474X
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) is characterized by progressive replacement of RV myocardium with fibro-adipose tissue thought to be responsible for the presence of late potentials (LP) detected by SAECG. The general consensus on the role of SAECG in the diagnosis and prognosis of patients with ARVD is lacking. The purpose of this systematic review was to better define the role of SAECG in ARVD. Methods: An extensive review of literature was done to specifically describe the prevalence of LP in ARVD and its determinants, explore the various options available to improve the diagnostic ability of SAECG, and provide recommendations for proper utilization of this technique. Results: LPs are frequent in ARVD (47–100%), and more prevalent in severe disease and in patients with documented spontaneous VT. SAECG is a useful test in following the characteristic evolutivity of the disease. 4–16% of normal family members of patients with ARVD also have abnormal SAECG results. Detection of LP in ARVD can be improved by employing a high-pass filter of 25 Hz and specifically looking for changes in the Z leads. Conclusions: SAECG testing should be considered a standard part of the evaluation of patients with known or suspected ARVD. Further research is needed to confirm the value of SAECG testing in predicting arrhythmia risk and assessing the rate of disease progression, as well as to determine if greater prevalence of SAECG abnormalities in family members of patients with ARVD represents early detection of ARVD. The ongoing multidisciplinary study of right ventricular dysplasia will hopefully answer some of these questions.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1540-8167
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Introduction: Catheter ablation of the pulmonary veins (PVs) for prevention of recurrent atrial fibrillation requires precise anatomic information. We describe the characteristics of a new anatomic variant of PV anatomy using magnetic resonance angiography. Methods and Results: A 1.5-T magnetic resonance imaging system with a body coil or a torso phased-array coil was used before and after gadolinium injection. Magnetic resonance angiograms were acquired with a breath-hold three-dimensional fast spoiled gradient-echo imaging sequence in the coronal plane. Three-dimensional reconstruction with maximum intensity projections and multiplanar reformations was performed. A newly described variant PV ascending from the roof of the left atrium was found in 3 of 91 subjects. The mean ostial diameter of the roof PV was 7 ± 2 mm, the mean distance from the ostium to the first branching point was 22 ± 8.5 mm, and the mean distance to the right superior PV was 3.3 ± 0.6 mm. Conclusion: We refer to the newly described variant of PV anatomy as the “right top pulmonary vein.” It is important to be aware of this anatomic pattern to avoid inadvertent catheter intubation, which can result in misleading mapping results and PV stenosis. (J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol, Vol. 15, pp. 538-543, May 2004)
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1540-8167
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Introduction: Delineation of pulmonary vein (PV) anatomy is an integral part of the PV isolation procedure. The aims of the present study were to (1) describe the technique of selective PV angiography, (2) show the typical fluoroscopic locations and appearance of the PVs, and (3) compare the ostial diameters of PVs measured by angiography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods and Results: Twenty consecutive patients undergoing a PV isolation procedure underwent selective PV angiography using a deflectable 8-French lumened catheter (Naviport, Cardima). The left superior PV (LSPV) runs upward and away from the spine in the right anterior oblique (RAO) projection and upward and toward the spine in the left anterior oblique (LAO) projection. The opposite is true for the right superior PV (RSPV). The left inferior PV (LIPV) has a bull's-eye appearance in the RAO projection, and the right inferior PV (RIPV) has a bull's-eye appearance in the LAO projection due to their end-on trajectories. The LIPV in the LAO projection and the RIPV in the RAO projection run horizontally toward the spine. An excellent correlation was noted in PV ostial size as assessed by angiography and MRI (r2 〈 0.90, P 〈 0.0001). Conclusion: This study describes the technique and results of PV angiography and fluoroscopy. The study also demonstrates good correlation of PV ostial diameters by contrast venography and MRI. PV angiography can be used as an alternate to MRI or computed tomographic imaging, particularly when these tests are unavailable or are contraindicated in the patient. (J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol, Vol. 15, pp. 21-26, January 2004)
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 1540-8167
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Circular Mapping Catheter Entrapment in MV Apparatus. Radiofrequency catheter ablation of focal atrial fibrillation triggers within the pulmonary veins is a rapidly developing therapy that relies on both recent technologies and evolving techniques. We describe the entrapment of a circular mapping catheter within the mitral valve apparatus after transseptal catheterization and mapping of the left atrium and pulmonary veins. The occurrence of this previously unreported complication stresses the need for continual monitoring and reporting of adverse effects from new devices and procedures to better inform patients and physicians of the benefits and risks of electrophysiologic interventions.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Science Inc
    ISSN: 1540-8167
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    ISSN: 1540-8167
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Global P Wave Duration on the 65-Lead ECG. Introduction: Pacing is believed to prevent atrial fibrillation by reducing atrial activation time. Exact correlation between P wave duration (PWD) on surface ECG and endocardial atrial activation time is still unexplored. Methods and Results: In 15 patients without structural heart disease (9 women, age 45 ± 14 years), single site [high right atrium (HRA), coronary sinus ostium (CSos), distal CS (CSd), high RA septum (Bachmann's bundle, BB)] and dual-site pacing (various combinations) was performed after ablation of supraventricular tachycardia. A 65-lead surface ECG was recorded simultaneously. Endocardial atrial activation time was measured off-line (stimulus – last bipolar recording), and the respective PWD was assessed using the root mean square and 65-channel summary plots. PWD during pacing from BB was significantly shorter (96 ± 12 msec) than during HRA (121 ± 15 msec), CSos (108 ± 9 msec), and CSd pacing (126 ± 14 msec; P 〈 0,01, respectively). PWD during dual-site pacing (HRA + BB, 91 ± 14 msec; HRA + CSos, 96 ± 7 msec; HRA + CSd, 90 ± 7 msec; BB + CSd, 96 ± 12 msec) was not significantly shorter than during pacing from BB. Correlation between endocardial atrial activation time and PWD was 0.83. Conclusion: PWD during single-site and dual-site atrial pacing represents endocardial atrial activation time and can be measured precisely using the 65-lead surface ECG. The fact that high septal pacing results in the shortest PWD may have implications for preventive pacing in patients with atrial fibrillation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Science Inc
    ISSN: 1540-8167
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    350 Main Street , Malden , MA 02148-5018 , USA , and 9600 Garsington Road , Oxford OX4 2DQ , UK . : Blackwell Science Inc
    ISSN: 1540-8167
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Introduction: Atrial arrhythmias have emerged as a topic of great interest for clinical electrophysiologists. Noninvasive imaging of electrical function in humans may be useful for computer-aided diagnosis and treatment of cardiac arrhythmias, which can be accomplished by the fusion of data from ECG mapping and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods and Results: In this study, a bidomain-theory–based surface heart model activation time (AT) imaging approach was applied to paced rhythm data from four patients. Pacing sites were the right superior pulmonary vein, left inferior pulmonary vein, left superior pulmonary vein, coronary sinus, posterior wall of right atrium, and high right atrium. For coronary sinus pacing, the AT pattern of the right atrium was compared with a CARTO map. The root mean square error between CARTO geometry (85 nodal points) and the surface model of the right atrium was 8.6 mm. The correlation coefficient of the noninvasively obtained AT map of the right atrium and the CARTO map was 0.76. All pulmonary vein pacing sites were identified. The reconstructed pacing site of right posterior atrial pacing correlates with the invasively determined pacing catheter position with a localization distance of 4 mm. Conclusion: The individual anatomic model of the atria of each patient enables accurate noninvasive AT imaging within the atria, resulting in a localization error for the pacing sites within 10 mm. Our findings may have implications for imaging of atrial activity in patients with focal arrhythmias or focal triggers. (J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol, Vol. 14, pp. 712-719, July 2003)
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    350 Main Street , Malden , MA 02148 , USA , and 9600 Garsington Road , Oxford OX4 2DQ , UK . : Blackwell Science Inc
    ISSN: 1542-474X
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...