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  • Articles  (15)
  • Polymer and Materials Science  (12)
  • chemical protection  (3)
  • coatings
  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-4846
    Keywords: ormocer ; coatings ; chemical protection ; stainless steel ; PMMA-ZrO2 ; corrosion
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract The chemical protection of 316 L stainless steel coated with ORMOCER coatings of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) and ZrO2 has been verified. The coatings were dip-coated on the substrates from sols prepared by mixing zirconium propoxide (ZrOC3H7)4, isopropanol (C3H7OH), glacial acetic acid (CH3COOH), polymethylmethacrylate and water under application of ultrasounds. The films were heat treated between 40 and 300°C in air up to 20 h. Their morphology was studied by electron scanning microscopy (SEM). Their anticorrosion behavior was analysed in 0.5M-H2SO4 solutions through potentiodynamic polarization curves at room temperature. The influence of the sol preparation, coating composition as well as of the duration and temperature of heat treatments on the corrosion parameters is reported. The films act as geometric blocking layers against the corrosive media and increase the lifetime of the substrate up to a factor 30.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-4846
    Keywords: ormocer ; coatings ; chemical protection ; stainless steel ; PMMA-ZrO2 ; corrosion
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract The chemical protection of 316 L stainless steel coated with ORMOCER coatings of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) and ZrO2 has been verified. The coatings were dip-coated on the substrates from sols prepared by mixing zirconium propoxide (ZrOC3H7)4, isopropanol (C3H7OH), glacial acetic acid (CH3COOH), polymethylmethacrylate and water under application of ultrasounds. The films were heat treated between 40 and 300°C in air up to 20 h. Their morphology was studied by electron scanning microscopy (SEM). Their anticorrosion behavior was analysed in 0.5M-H2SO4 solutions through potentiodynamic polarization curves at room temperature.The influence of the sol preparation, coating composition as well as of the duration and temperature of heat treatments on the corrosion parameters is reported. The films act as geometric blocking layers against the corrosive media and increase the lifetime of the substrate up to a factor 30.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-4846
    Keywords: sol-gel coatings ; chemical protection ; stainless steel ; ZrO2 ; corrosion
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract ZrO2 coatings deposited on 316 L stainless steel sheets were synthesized by sol-gel method using Zr(OC3H7)4 as precursor and isopropanol, glacial acetic acid, and water as solvents for application with ultrasounds. Different solutions for dip-coating were prepared with compositions varying between 0.025 and 0.9 mol/dm3 of ZrO2. X-ray diffraction shows that the films densified at 800°C are crystalline with a tetragonal structure. The thickness of the coatings varied from 0.35–0.75 μm. The influence of the ZrO2 coatings on the corrosion behavior of stainless steel substrates in aqueous NaCl was studied through potentiodynamic polarization curves at 1 mV/s. The values of the electrochemical parameters allow for an explanation of the role of the films in the increased resistance of steel against corrosion in moderately aggressive environments.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0025-116X
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: New methacrylic copolymers with prospective second-order nonlinear optical effects are synthesized by radical copolymerization of methyl methacrylate with conjugated zwitterionic methacrylate monomers (2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-[1-(ω-methacryloyloxyalkyl)-4-pyridino]phenolates,1a and 1b). These monomers are obtained via a multi-step reaction. First, 4-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)pyridine (2) is electrosynthesized by an SRN1 reaction in liquid ammonia. Then, this pyridine derivative is N-alkylated by an ω-bromoalkyl methacrylate (5a or 5b) which, in its turn, is obtained by esterification of an ω-bromoalcohol and methacryloyl chloride.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Whatever the state of the iron compounds as smoke suppressant during the combustion of poly(vinyl chloride), they lead rapidly to native αFe2O3 in the char residue left after dehydrochlorination. It causes incandescence of the char residue and catalyzes its oxidation into carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide that contributes to decreasing the amount of available carbon for the soot formation after self-ignition. FeCl2 and FeCl3 are the precursors of αFe2O3, which is the true compound as smoke suppressant. Nevertheless, as intermediate, iron chlorides are able to modify the degradation processes, and they favor the formation of light tars instead of heavy tars. For that reason the iron compounds cause the formation of smoke at lower temperature than for pure PVC, but, as αFe2O3 is formed, the smoke production levels off and then decreases. The higher the ease of the iron compounds to give chlorides through reaction with HCI and further native αFe2O3, the higher the ease of the additive to cause the oxidation of the char residue sooner and in consequence to decrease the smoke level. In the PVC combustion three main steps may be distinguised: dehydrochlorination step between 200-300°C; tars aerosols formation from the char residue between 300°C and self-ignition; at temperature higher than self-ignition, formation of soot from the previous tars as precursors.
    Additional Material: 14 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0449-296X
    Keywords: Physics ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 0360-6384
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The transesterification reaction in the molten state of ester groups of ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymers and ethylene acrylic ester (EMA) copolymers has been used to crosslink the chains of this polymeric system. The relative EVA copolymers (or EMA copolymers) concentration dependence of the network formation by co-crosslinking of EVA/EMA miscible blends has been assessed. EVA/EMA networks were characterized by swelling experiments, rheological measurements, and determination of the extent of the reaction through a chromatographic technique. All results can be compared in a master curve. The influence of the polydispersity and the microstructure of EVA and EMA samples was put in evidence. On the other hand, a scaling law (v2∼Mc-3/5) was observed in agreement with predictions of the Flory-Rhener expression. © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 44 (1992), S. 2019-2027 
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Continuous chemical modification of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) with sodium benzene thiolate (NaBT) in a counter-rotating twin screw extruder has been studied. The course of the reaction is analyzed, taking into account the physical changes of the polymer along the length of the screw. From the results, it is concluded that the modification reaction is associated with the fusion-gelation process. The reaction kinetics are determined as a function of the mean residence time with the aid of a UV tracer. Temperature profile, flow rate, and premixing are some of the processing parameters influencing the reaction, kinetics. The continuous modified polymer is analyzed in terms of thermal behavior, molecular weight, and stereochemical structure, and the results are compared with those obtained by a discontinuous melt process (Haake-Rheocord). It is confirmed that the same stereoselective substitution mechanism occurs as that in discontinuous melt with no side reactions.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The development of the morphology of a reactive blend along a twin-screw extruder has been experimentally studied. A transesterification reaction activated by a catalyst allowed a cross-linking of the dispersed phase during the flow in the extruder. In comparison with the nonreactive system (without catalysts), the resulting morphologies were characterized by larger dimensions. Influence of screw speed and feed rate were similar for both systems, whereas the changes along the screws were more pronounced for the reactive blend. It appeared that the local morphology was strongly dependent on the extent of the reaction. At low extent, the equilibrium between breakup and coalescence was shifted toward coalescence, whereas at high extent, the classical mechanisms were largely modified and replaced by a “coagulation” mechanism. It was shown that, for the fully cross-linked dispersed phase, the final morphology remained remarkably stable during successive extrusion steps. For such products, the observation of a low-frequency plateau of the elastic modulus suggested the formation of a copolymer at the interface with the matrix. © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 15 Ill.
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