Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Solubilization properties of α-chymotrypsin and alcohol dehydrogenase (LADH) in reverse micelles are reported for three different solubilization techniques. The solubilization properties for these two proteins depend on the method used for protein addition. The addition of a dry protein powder to a reverse-micelle-containing organic phase does not appreciably solubilize the protein until the diameter of the reverse micelle is similar to that of the protein. However, when an aqueous protein solution is injected an organic phase, protein solubilization is not strongly dependent on micelle size. For chymotrypsin, multiple protein occupancy occurs at large micelle size, with as many as 11 chymotrypsin molecules solubilized in one reverse micelle. The solubilization of chymotrypsin using a phase-transter technique with a positively charged surfactant follows the expected traned based on protein-surfactant electrostatic interactions. When a negatively charged sufactants is used for phase transfer, at low pH the solubilization data do not fit this electrostatic interaction mechanism. In this case, proteinsurfactant aggregation may be occurring at the aqueousorganic interface.
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